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UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014: Syllabus Paper VII: Agriculture-II

Cell structure, function and cell cycle. Synthesis, structure and function of genetic material. Laws of heredity.
Chromosome structure, chromosomal aberrations, linkage and cross-over, and their significance in recombination breeding. Polyploidy, euploids and aneuploids.

Mutations - and their role in crop improvement. Heritability, sterility and incompatibility, classification and their application in crop improvement. Cytoplasmic inheritance, sex-linked, sex-influenced and sex-limited characters.

History of plant breeding. Modes of reproduction, selfing and crossing techniques. Origin, evolution and domestication of crop plants, center of origin, law of homologous series, crop genetic resources conservation
and utilization.


Application of principles of plant breeding, improvement of crop plants. Molecular markers
and their application in plant improvement. Pure-line selection, pedigree, mass and recurrent selections, combining ability, its significance in plant breeding.

Heterosis and its exploitation. Somatic hybridization. Breeding for disease and pest resistance. Role of interspecific and intergeneric hybridization. Role of genetic engineering and biotechnology in crop
improvement. Genetically modified crop plants.

Seed production and processing technologies. Seed certification, seed testing and storage. DNA finger printing and seed registration. Role of public and private sectors in seed production and marketing.
Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) issues, WTO issues and its impact on Agriculture.

Principles of Plant Physiology with reference to plant nutrition, absorption, translocation and metabolism of nutrients. Soil - water- plant relationship.

Enzymes and plant pigments; photosynthesis- modern concepts and factors affecting the process, aerobic and anaerobic respiration; C3, C4 and CAM mechanisms. Carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism. Growth and development; photoperiodism and vernalilzation. Plant growth substances and their role in crop
production. Physiology of seed development and germination; dormancy. Stress physiology – draught, salt and water stress.

Major fruits, plantation crops, vegetables, spices and flower crops. Package practices of major horticultural crops. Protected cultivation and high tech horticulture. Post harvest technology and value addition of fruits and vegetables.

Landscaping and commercial floriculture. Medicinal and aromatic plants. Role of fruits and vegetables in human nutrition. Diagnosis of pests and diseases of field crops, vegetables, orchard and plantation crops and their economic importance.

Classification of pests and diseases and their management. Integrated pest and disease management. Storage pests and their management. Biological control of pests and diseases.

Epidemiology and forecasting of major crop pests and diseases. Plant quarantine measures. Pesticides, their formulation and modes of action. Food production and consumption trends in India. Food security and growing population– vision 2020. Reasons for grain surplus.

National and international food policies. Production, procurement, distribution constraints. Availability of food grains, per capita expenditure on food. Trends in poverty, Public Distribution System and Below Poverty Line population, Targeted Public Distribution System (PDS), policy implementation in context
to globalization. Processing constraints.

Relation of food production to National Dietary Guidelines and food consumption pattern. Food based dietary approaches to eliminate hunger. Nutrient deficiency –Micro nutrient deficiency : Protein Energy
Malnutrition or Protein Calorie Malnutrition (PEM or PCM), Micro nutrient deficiency and HRD in context of work capacity of women and children. Food grain productivity and food security.

UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus of more subjects browse from the links below:

UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Zoology Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Zoology Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Statistics Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Statistics Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sociology-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sociology Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Public Administration Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Public Administration Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Psychology-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Psychology Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Political Science and International Relations Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Political Science and International Relations (PS&IR) Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Physics Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Physics Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Philosophy Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Philosophy Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Medical Science-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Medical Science Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Mechanical Engineering Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Mechanical Engineering Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Mathematics Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Mathematics Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Management Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Management Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Urdu Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Urdu Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Telugu Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Telugu Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Tamil Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Tamil Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sindhi Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sindhi Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sindhi Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Santhali Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Santhali Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sanskrit Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sanskrit Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Punjabi Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Punjabi Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination Syllabus: Oriya Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Oriya Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Nepali Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014: Nepali Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Marathi Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Marathi Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Manipuri Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus Manipuri Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Malyalam Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Malayalam Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Maithili-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Maithili-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Konkani-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Konkani-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Kashmiri-II
UPSC Civil Service Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Kashmiri-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Kannada-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Kannada-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Hindi-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Hindi-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Gugarati-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Gujarati Paper I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus English-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus English - I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Dogri-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Dogri Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Bodo-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Bodo-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Bengali Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Bengali Paper I
UPSC Civil Services Main Exam 2014 Syllabus: Assamese-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Exam 2014 Syllabus: Assamese-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Law-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Law-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: History-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: History-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Geology-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Geology-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Geography-II
UPSC Civil Service Main Exam Syllabus 2014: Geography-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Electrical Engineering-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Electrical Engineering-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Exam 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Economics-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Exam 2014 Syllabus: Paper VI: Economics-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Commerce and Accountancy-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VI: Commerce and Accountancy-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Civil Engineering-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VI: Civil Engineering-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Chemistry-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination Syllabus Paper VI: Chemistry-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Botany-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VI: Botany-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Anthropology-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014: Syllabus Paper VI: Anthropology-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014: Syllabus Paper VI
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014: Syllabus Paper VII: Agriculture-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014: Syllabus Paper VI: Agriculture-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Paper-V: General Studies-IV
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Paper-IV: General Studies-III
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Paper-III: General Studies-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Paper-II: General Studies-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Paper-I: Essay
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Indian Language and English

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