The 'Second Annual Employment and Unemployment Survey 2011-12' conducted by the Union Ministry of Labour and Employment's. The Labor Bureau collected data from 81,000 rural households and 47,000 urban households.
The bureau’s report indicates towards downtrend in employment for woman. Only 17.9% in urban areas makes part of employed population against 73.3% male population. The states Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh have high no of female involvement in labor force. The states Punjab, Haryana, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi and Uttarakhand recorded lowest number of female participation. Almost half of the employed population is self employed and nearly a third is casual labor. Also the unemployment rate among general category is higher than the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes categories. The employment sectors like agriculture, forestry, fishing and mining give work opportunities to most the population in India.