JAM 2013 Exam Dates

Here given JAM 2013 Exam Schedule - Joint Admission Test for MSc

JAM 2013 will held on 10 February 2013 in two sessions.

Session I : 9AM to 12 Noon: Examination for following subjects will be held-
  • BL - Biological Science
  • CA - Computer Applications
  • CY – Chemistry
  • GP - Geophysics
  • MS - Mathematical Statistics
Session II : 2PM to 5PM: Examination for following subjects will be held -
  • BT – Biotechnology
  • GG – Geology
  • MA - Mathematics
  •  PH - Physics 
Note: A candidates can appear in two JAM papers if satisfies eligibility criteria.

JAM 2013 - Joint Admission Test for M.Sc Notification

JAM 2013 – Joint Admission Test for M.Sc is entrance examination for admission into Integrated Ph.D – IISc Bangalore and M.Sc (2 year), Joint M.Sc Ph.D, M.Sc PhD Dual Degree and other Post Bachelor’s Degree programs at IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi, IIT Guwahati, IIT Kanpur, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Madras, IIT Roorke, IIT Bhubneshwar, IIT Gandhinagar, IIT Hyderabad and IIT Indore. The JAM 2013 will be organized by IIT Delhi in February 2013. Notifications in this regard are already out. IITs started JAM test since 2004-05.
Following are some additions to JAM 2013-


  • JAM 2013 score will be accepted by Tata Institute i.e IISc Bangalore for admission into Integrated PhD program. Students can join this program right after B.Sc degree.
  • JAM 2013 will include a new JAM Test Paper in Biological Sciences.
  • There shall be no charged from female candidates for appearing in JAM 2013.
  • Students can carry non programmable calculator to JAM 2013 test centers.
  • Admission to M.Sc-PhD Dual degree at IIT Kanpur, Integrated PhD to IISc Bangalore, M.Sc PhD Dual Degree to IIT Bombay will be based on JAM 2013 test score and Interview. The interview dates will be as follows-
  • IITK M.Sc-Ph.D Dual Degree – 10-11 May 2012
  • IISc Bangalore Integrated PhD 13-16 May 2012
  • IIT Bombay M.Sc-PhD Dual Degree 17-19 May 2012

JAM 2013 Exam Dates – 10 February 2013

 JAM 2013 Eligibility Criteria


Here mentioned JAM 2013 Eligibility Criteria for appearing in JAM Test and Admission into IITs and IISc Bangalore
 

Eligibility for admission into IISc Bangalore- Minimum 1st class marks in qualifying examination for General / OBC candidates and minimum 50% marks for SC/ST category candidates.

 For IITs – Minimum 55% marks for General/OBC category candidates and minimum 50% marks for SC/ST category candidates or equivalent CGPA.

Test Papers – Academic Programs – Institute and Minimum Qualification


Biological Sciences

Integrated Ph.D in Biological Sciences – IISc Bangalore

Eligibility- Bachelor’s degree in Biology or Chemistry or Physics or Mathematics. The candidates should have passed Biology at the Higher Secondary (10+2) level.


Integrated Ph.D in Chemical Sciences – IISc Bangalore
Eligibility - B.Sc. or an equivalent degree with Chemistry as one of the subjects. The candidates should have passed mathematics at the PUC or +2 level.

M.Sc.- Ph.D. Dual Degree in Biotechnology IIT Bombay
Eligibility - Bachelor’s degree in any branch of Science/Agriculture / Pharmacy / Veterinary /Engineering / Medicine (MBBS).The candidate should have passed Mathematics at the (10+2) level.

Biotechnology

Integrated Ph.D in Biological Sciences – IISc Bangalore
Eligibility - Bachelor’s degree in Biology or Chemistry or Physics or Mathematics. The candidates should have passed Biology at the Higher Secondary (10+2) level.

M.Sc Biotechnology – IIT Bombay and IIT Roorkee
Eligibility - Bachelor’s degree in any branch of Science/Agriculture / Pharmacy / Veterinary /Engineering / Medicine (MBBS). NOTE: For IITB only, M.Sc. Biotechnology and M.Sc.-Ph.D. Dual Degree in Biotechnology, the candidate should have passed Mathematics at the (10+2) level.

M.Sc PhD Dual Degree in IIT Bombay
Eligibility - Bachelor’s degree in any branch of Science/Agriculture / Pharmacy / Veterinary /Engineering / Medicine (MBBS). NOTE: For IITB only, M.Sc. Biotechnology and M.Sc.-Ph.D. Dual Degree in Biotechnology, the candidate should have passed Mathematics at the (10+2) level.

M.Sc Ph.D Dual Degree in Environmental Science & Engineering – IIT Bombay
Eligibility - Bachelor’s degree with any one of Biology, Biotechnology, Chemistry, Mathematics and Physics for two years/four semesters, and any one of the other four subjects for at least one year/two semesters. The candidate should have passed Mathematics at (10 + 2) level.

Chemistry

Integrated Ph.D in Chemical Sciences – IISc Bangalore
Eligibility- B.Sc. or an equivalent degree with Chemistry as one of the subjects. The candidates should have passed mathematics at the PUC or +2 level.

Integrated Ph.D in Biological Sciences – IISc Bangalore
Eligibility - Bachelor’s degree in Biology or Chemistry or Physics or Mathematics. The candidates should have passed Biology at the Higher Secondary (10+2) level.

Joint M.Sc PhD Program in Chemistry – IIT Bhubneshwar and IIT Kharagpur

MSc Chemistry – IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi, IIT Gandhinagar, IIT Guwahati, IIT Hyderabad, IIT Indore, IIT Kanpur, IIT Madras and IIT Roorkee

MSc PhD Dual Degree program in Chemistry – IIT Bombay
Eligibility - Bachelor’s degree with Chemistry as a subject for three years/six semesters and should have passed Mathematics at (10+2) level.

M.Sc PhD Dual Degree Program in Energy – IIT Bombay
Eligibility - Bachelor’s degree with any one of Chemistry, Mathematics and Physics for two years/four semesters and any one of the remaining two subjects for at least one year/ two semesters.

M.Sc.- Ph.D. Dual Degree in Environmental Science & Engineering - IIT Bombay
Eligibility - Bachelor’s degree with any one of Biology, Biotechnology, Chemistry, Mathematics and Physics for two years/four semesters, and any one of the other four subjects for at least one year/two semesters. The candidate should have passed Mathematics at (10 + 2) level.

M.Sc.- Ph.D. Dual Degree in Biotechnology - IIT Bombay
Eligibility - Bachelor’s degree in any branch of Science/ Agriculture / Pharmacy / Veterinary / Engineering / Medicine (MBBS).The candidate should have passed Mathematics at the (10+2) level.

Computer Applications
Master of Computer Applications / MCA – IIT Roorkee
Eligibility- Bachelor’s degree with Mathematics as a subject for at least one year for annual system candidates/ at least two papers of Mathematics for semester system candidates.

Geology

Joint M.Sc.-Ph.D. Programme in Earth Science- IIT Bhubneshwar
M.Sc. Applied Geology - IIT Bombay, IIT Roorkee
Joint M.Sc.- Ph.D. Programme in Geology - IIT Kharagpur
M.Tech. in Geological Technology - IIT Roorkee
M.Sc.- Ph.D. Dual Degree Programme in Applied Geology - IIT Bombay

Eligibility- Bachelor’s degree with Geology as a subject for three years/six semesters and any two subjects among Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, and Biological Sciences. The
candidate should have passed Mathematics at (10+2) level.

Geophysics

M.Sc Applied Geophysics - IIT Bombay
M.Sc Ph.D Dual Degree program in Applied Geophysics - IIT Bombay
Eligibility- Bachelor’s degree with both Mathematics and Physics as subjects for two years and at least one of them as a subject for three years.

M.Tech. in Geophysical Technology - IIT Roorkee
Eligibility- Bachelor ’s degree with Mathematics and Physics as subjects and anyone of the following subjects: Chemistry, Geology, Statistics, Electronics and Computer Science.

Mathematics
Integrated Ph.D. in Mathematical Sciences IISc Bangalore
Eligibility- Bachelor’s degree in science or engineering with mathematics as a subject for three years/ six semesters.

Integrated Ph.D. in Biological Sciences IISc Bangalore
Eligibility - Bachelor’s degree in Biology or Chemistry or Physics or Mathematics with Biology at the Higher Secondary (10+2) level.

M.Sc Mathematics - IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi, IIT Gandhinagar, IIT Hyderabad, IIT Kanpur, IIT Madras
Eligibility - Bachelor’s degree with Mathematics as a subject for at least two years/four semesters.

Joint M.Sc.-Ph.D. Programme in Mathematics - IIT Bhubneshwar, IIT Kharagpur
M.Sc. Mathematics & Computing - IIT Guwahati
M.Sc. Applied Mathematics - IIT Roorkee
M.Sc. Industrial Mathematics and Informatics - IIT Roorkee
M.Sc.- Ph.D. Dual Degree in Operations Research - IIT Bombay
Eligibility - Bachelor’s degree with Mathematics / Statistics as a subject for at least two years/four semesters.

M.Sc.- Ph.D. Dual Degree in Environmental Science & Engineering - IIT Bombay
Eligibility- Bachelor’s degree with any one of Biology, Biotechnology, Chemistry, Mathematics and Physics for two years/four semesters, and any one of the other four subjects for at least one year/two semesters. The candidate should have passed Mathematics at (10 + 2) level.

M.Sc.- Ph.D. Dual Degree Programme in Energy - IIT Bombay
Eligibility - Bachelor’s degree with any one of Chemistry, Mathematics and Physics for two years/four semesters and any one of the remaining two subjects for at least one year/ two semesters

Mathematical Statistics

M.Sc. Applied Statistics and Informatics- IIT Bombay
M.Sc.- Ph.D. Dual Degree in Operations Research- IIT Bombay
Eligibility- Bachelor’s degree with either Mathematics or Statistics as a subject for at least two years or four semesters.

M.Sc Statistics – IIT Kanpur
Eligibility - Bachelor’s degree with Statistics as a subject for at least two years or four semesters.

Physics
Integrated PhD in Physical Sciences - IISc Bangalore
Eligibility- B.Sc. or equivalent degree with Physics as one of the main subjects.

Integrated PhD in Biological Sciences - IISc Bangalore
Eligibility- Bachelor’s degree in Biology or Chemistry or Physics or Mathematics. The candidates should have passed Biology at the Higher Secondary (10+2) level.

Integrated Ph.D. in Chemical Sciences - IISc Bangalore
Eligibility- B.Sc. or an equivalent degree with Chemistry as one of the subjects. The candidates should have passed mathematics at the PUC or+2 level.

Joint M.Sc.-Ph.D. Programme in Physics - IIT Bhubneshwar, IIT Kharagpur
M.Sc Physics- IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi, IIT Guahati, IIT Hyderabad, IIT Indore, IIT Kanpur, IIT Madras, IIT Roorkee
M.Sc.- Ph.D. Dual Degree Programme in Physics - IIT Bombay, IIT Kanpur
M.Sc. (Physics) - M.Tech. Materials Sciences with specialization in Nano-Science & Tech.) - IIT Bombay
Eligibility - Bachelor’s degree with Physics as a subject for at least two years/four semesters and Mathematics for at least one year/two semesters.

M.Sc.- Ph.D. Dual Degree Programme in Energy - IIT Bombay
Eligibility - Bachelor’s degree with any one of Chemistry, Mathematics and Physics for two years/four semesters and any one of the remaining two subjects for at least one year/ two semesters.

M.Sc.- Ph.D. Dual Degree Programme in Environmental Science & Engineering - IIT Bombay
Eligibility- Bachelor’s degree with any one of Biology, Biotechnology, Chemistry, Mathematics and Physics for two years/four semesters, and any one of the other four subjects for at least one year/two semesters. The candidate should have passed Mathematics at (10 + 2) level.

M.Sc.- Ph.D. Dual Degree Programme in Biotechnology - IIT Bombay
Eligibility- Bachelor’s degree in any branch of Science/Agriculture / Pharmacy / Veterinary /Engineering / Medicine (MBBS).The candidate should have passed Mathematics at the (10+2)
level

Candidates who have completed qualifying degree examination through distance learning mode are not eligible to following institutes for admission through GATE 2013-
IIT Kharagpur, IIT Madras, IIT Hyderabad, IIT Indore, IIT Gandhinagar

How to select GATE Coaching Institute?

GATE i.e Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering is competitive exam for admission into MS, M.Tech and PhD program. The GATE Test is also eligibility test for MHRD Scholarship. The examination is conducted in February every year by IISc Bangalore and IITs. GATE Score is certification of your knowledge in what you have studied during college years. One of the best name that come to my mind is Brilliant Tutorials, Madras, now Chennai. I am sure there are many more
coaching institutes in India, at least in all major cities and towns. Finding a coaching institute is not tough, but what is difficult is to find right GATE coaching. If you are someone looking to join tuition classes for GATE consider following points before selling your money.

One can not be jack in all trades, research, speak with senior batch students and find a suitable institute in your subject.
Before you join GATE tuition classes, request for mock classes.
Speak previous batch students of a GATE Coaching institute to know exactly what they claim and what they offer.
How many mock test a coaching institute before actual GATE exam.
The qualification of your GATE tutor.
The success rate of coaching institute in your GATE subject.

These are some precautionary points you should take care while joining GATE tutorial classes. Do not go my lucrative advertisements only indeed check facts and figures. Its the matter of your life and career.

GATE 2013 - Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering

The GATE 2013 : Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering is entrance exam and examination for MHRD Scholarship for admission into post graduate programs, viz; MS, M.Tech, Ph.D etc into IITs, IISc Bangalore and other institutes of higher education in sciences, engineering and technology accepts GATE Score. The GATE 2013 is administered jointly by
  • Indian Institute of Science(IISc), Bangalore
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Guwahati
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Roorkee
The IIT Bombay is organizing authority for GATE 2013 : Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering. Notifications regarding GATE 2013 Exam Date, Application, GATE 2013 Syllabus etc are out. You can browse through different GATE 2013 utilities through following links-

GATE 2013 - Preparation Books

GATE 2013: Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering is a test and scholarship exam for M.Tech, MS, PhD admission ask questions from Engineering Courses Grad Level syllabus, B.B.Tech etc and post graduate programs like MSc, MCA etc. However, GATE is highly competitive examination and mere subject knowledge is not enough to appear for GATE. You need specific preparation and practice a lot to get success in GATE. To help out GATE 2013 test takers, we are providing here list of books that may help in achieving better GATE Score. This list is not complete though, authors, booksellers and publishers are invited in this place provide us GATE books they have and we will be equally glad to publish the same here, absolutely for free. Please reach us through the comment box below this post with a GATE Book Title.

  • GATE 2013: Electronics And Communication Engineering (With CD) (Paperback)
  • GATE 2013: Computer Science & Information Technology (With CD) (Paperback)
  • GATE 2013: Mechanical Engineering (Paperback)
  • GATE 2013: Mechanical Engineering (Paperback)
  • GATE 2013: Electrical Engineering (With CD) (Paperback)
  • GATE 2013: Civil Engineering (Paperback)
  • GATE 2013 Electrical Engineering Topicwise Previous Solved Paper & Practice Papers 2003-2012) (Paperback)
  • GATE: Computer Science and Information Technology Chapterwise Solved Papers (2012 - 2000)
  • With 1 Model Paper & 2 Practice Sets (Paperback) by Nitesh Jain
  • GATE: Electrical Engineering Papers (Paperback) by G K P Publisher
  • Electrical Engineering for GATE: A Refresher (Paperback) by
  • The Gate Academy
  • Chapterwise GATE Solved Papers (2012-2000): Electrical Engineering (Paperback) by
  • Manish Purbey
  • Popular Master Guide Gate Electrical Engineering (Paperback) by Gupta
  • GATE 2013 Electrical Engineering Topicwise Previous Solved Paper & Practice Papers
  • (2003-2012) (Paperback)
  •  Question Bank In Electrical Engineering (Paperback) by J. B Gupta
  • Question Bank In Electrical Electronics Engineering (Paperback) by Harish C Rai
  •  GATE: 2013 Civil Engineering (Paperback) by Made Easy Publications
  • Civil Engineering: Through Objective Type Questions by SP Gupta
  • Popular Master Guide: GATE Civil Engineering by Gupta

Download GATE Previous Year's Question Papers

GATE 2013 - Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering for admission into M.Tech / MS / PhD program and MHRD Scholarship is scheduled during Feb 2013. Notifications are already out, download GATE Previous Question papers from the below given links. Also if you have a GATE Question Paper / GATE Model Paper in any relevant subject / GATE Solution please share the same with us.

Download GATE Previous Year's Question Papers, Click on the relevant links below

GATE 2013 Question Papers
GATE 2012 Question Papers

GATE Question Paper Geology and Geophysics

GATE 2007 Geology and Geophysics Question Paper
GATE 2008 Geology and Geophysics Question Paper
GATE 2009 Geology and Geophysics Question Paper
GATE 2010 Geology and Geophysics Question Paper
GATE 2011 Geology and Geophysics Question Paper


GATE Question Paper Engineering Sciences

GATE 2007 Engineering Sciences Question Paper
GATE 2008 Engineering Sciences Question Paper
GATE 2009 Engineering Sciences Question Paper
GATE 2011 Engineering Sciences Question Paper

GATE Question Paper Electrical Engineering

GATE 2007 Electrical Engg Question Paper
GATE 2008 Electrical Engg Question Paper
GATE 2009 Electrical Engg Question Paper
GATE 2011 Electrical Engg Question Paper

GATE Question Paper Electronics and Communication Engineering

GATE 2007 Electronics & Communication Engg Question Paper
GATE 2008 Electronics & Communication Engg Question Paper
GATE 2009 Electronics & Communication Engg Question Paper
GATE 2010 Electronics & Communication Engg Question Paper
GATE 2011 Electronics & Communication Engg Question Paper

GATE Question Paper Computer Science and Information Technology

GATE 2007 Computer Science & Information Technology Question Paper
GATE 2008 Computer Science & Information Technology Question Paper
GATE 2009 Computer Science & Information Technology Question Paper
GATE 2010 Computer Science & Information Technology Question Paper
GATE 2011 Computer Science & Information Technology Question Paper

GATE Question Paper Chemistry

GATE 2007 Chemistry Question Paper
GATE 2008 Chemistry Question Paper
GATE 2009 Chemistry Question Paper
GATE 2010 Chemistry Question Paper
GATE 2011 Chemistry Question Paper

GATE Question Paper Civil Engineering

GATE 2007 Civil Engg Question Paper
GATE 2008 Civil Engg Question Paper
GATE 2009 Civil Engg Question Paper
GATE 2011 Civil Engg Question Paper

GATE Question Paper Biotechnology

GATE 2010 Biotechnology Question Paper
GATE 2011 Biotechnology Question Paper

GATE Question Paper Architecture and Planning

GATE 2007 Architecture and Planning Question Paper
GATE 2008 Architecture and Planning Question Paper
GATE 2009 Architecture and Planning Question Paper
GATE 2010 Architecture and Planning Question Paper
GATE 2011 Architecture and Planning Question Paper

GATE Question Paper Agricultural Engineering

GATE 2007 Agricultural Engg Question Paper
GATE 2008 Agricultural Engg Question Paper
GATE 2009 Agricultural Engg Question Paper
GATE 2010 Agricultural Engg Question Paper
GATE 2011 Agricultural Engg Question Paper

GATE Question Paper Aeronautical Engg

GATE 2007 Aeronautical Engg Question Paper
GATE 2008 Aeronautical Engg Question Paper
GATE 2009 Aeronautical Engg Question Paper
GATE 2010 Aeronautical Engg Question Paper
GATE 2011 Aeronautical Engg Question Paper

GATE Question Paper Textile Engg and Fibre SC

GATE 2007 Textile Engg and Fibre Science Question Paper
GATE 2008 Textile Engg and Fibre Science Question Paper
GATE 2009 Textile Engg and Fibre Science Question Paper
GATE 2010 Textile Engg and Fibre Science Question Paper
GATE 2011 Textile Engg and Fibre Science Question Paper

GATE Question Paper Production and Industrial Engineering

GATE 2007 Production and Industrial Engg Question Paper
GATE 2008 Production and Industrial Engg Question Paper
GATE 2009 Production and Industrial Engg Question Paper
GATE 2010 Production and Industrial Engg Question Paper
GATE 2011 Production and Industrial Engg Question Paper

GATE Question Paper Physics

GATE 2007 Physics Question Paper
GATE 2008 Physics Question Paper
GATE 2009 Physics Question Paper
GATE 2010 Physics Question Paper
GATE 2011 Physics Question Paper

GATE Question Paper Mining Engineering

GATE 2007 Mining Engg Question Paper
GATE 2008 Mining Engg Question Paper
GATE 2009 Mining Engg Question Paper
GATE 2010 Mining Engg Question Paper
GATE 2011 Mining Engg Question Paper

GATE Question Paper Metallurgical Engineering

GATE 2007 Metallurgical Engg Question Paper
GATE 2008 Metallurgical Engg Question Paper
GATE 2009 Metallurgical Engg Question Paper
GATE 2010 Metallurgical Engg Question Paper
GATE 2011 Metallurgical Engg Question Paper

GATE Question Paper Mechanical Engineering

GATE 2007 Mechanical Engg Question Paper
GATE 2008 Mechanical Engg Question Paper
GATE 2009 Mechanical Engg Question Paper
GATE 2010 Mechanical Engg Question Paper
GATE 2011 Mechanical Engg Question Paper

GATE Question Paper Life Sciences

GATE 2007 Life Sciences Question Paper
GATE 2008 Life Sciences Question Paper
GATE 2009 Life Sciences Question Paper
GATE 2010 Life Sciences Question Paper
GATE 2011 Life Sciences Question Paper

GATE Question Paper Mathematics

GATE 2007 Mathematics Question Paper
GATE 2008 Mathematics Question Paper
GATE 2009 Mathematics Question Paper
GATE 2010 Mathematics Question Paper
GATE 2011 Mathematics Question Paper

GATE Question Paper Instrumentation Engineering

GATE 2007 Instrumentation Engg Question Paper
GATE 2008 Instrumentation Engg Question Paper
GATE 2009 Instrumentation Engg Question Paper
GATE 2010 Instrumentation Engg Question Paper
GATE 2011 Instrumentation Engg Question Paper

GATE 2013 Life Sciences (XL) Syllabus

Section H: Chemistry (Compulsory)

Atomic structure and periodicity: Planck’s quantum theory, wave particle duality, uncertainty principle, quantum mechanical model of hydrogen atom; electronic configuration of atoms; periodic table and periodic properties; ionization energy, election affinity, electronegativity, atomic size.


Structure and bonding: Ionic and covalent bonding, M.O. and V.B. approaches for diatomic molecules, VSEPR theory and shape of molecules, hybridisation, resonance, dipole moment, structure parameters such as bond length, bond angle and bond energy, hydrogen bonding, van der Waals interactions. Ionic solids, ionic radii, lattice energy (Born-Haber Cycle).

s.p. and d Block Elements: Oxides, halides and hydrides of alkali and alkaline earth metals, B, Al, Si, N, P, and S, general characteristics of 3d elements, coordination complexes: valence bond and crystal field theory, color, geometry and magnetic properties.

Chemical Equilibria: Colligative properties of solutions, ionic equilibria in solution, solubility product, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts, pH, buffer and their applications in chemical analysis, equilibrium constants (Kc, Kp and Kx) for homogeneous reactions,

Electrochemistry: Conductance, Kohlrausch law, Half Cell potentials, emf, Nernst equation, galvanic cells, thermodynamic aspects and their applications.

Reaction Kinetics: Rate constant, order of reaction, molecularity, activation energy, zero, first and second order kinetics, catalysis and elementary enzyme reactions.

Thermodynamics: First law, reversible and irreversible processes, internal energy, enthalpy, Kirchoff’s equation, heat of reaction, Hess law, heat of formation, Second law, entropy, free energy, and work function. Gibbs-Helmholtz equation, Clausius-Clapeyron equation, free energy change and equilibrium constant, Troutons rule, Third law of thermodynamics.

Basis of Organic Reactions Mechanism: Elementary treatment of SN1, SN2, E1 and E2 reactions, Hoffmann and Saytzeff rules, Addition reactions, Markonikoff rule and Kharash effect, Diels-Alder reaction, aromatic electrophilic substitution, orientation effect as exemplified by various functional groups. Identification of functional groups by chemical tests

Structure-Reactivity Correlations: Acids and bases, electronic and steric effects, optical and geometrical isomerism, tautomerism, conformers, concept of aromaticity
Section I: Biochemistry

Organization of life.Importance of water. Cell structure and organelles. Structure and function of biomolecules: Amino acids, Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins and Nucleic acids. Biochemical separation techniques and characterization: ion exchange, size exclusion and affinity chromatography, electrophoresis, UV-visible, fluorescence and Mass spectrometry. Protein structure, folding and function: Myoglobin, Hemoglobin, Lysozyme, Ribonuclease A, Carboxypeptidase and Chymotrypsin. Enzyme kinetics including its regulation and inhibition, Vitamins and Coenzymes.

Metabolism and bioenergetics. Generation and utilization of ATP. Metabolic pathways and their regulation: glycolysis, TCA cycle, pentose phosphate pathway, oxidative phosphorylation, gluconeogenesis, glycogen and fatty acid metabolism. Metabolism of Nitrogen containing compounds: nitrogen fixation, amino acids and nucleotides. Photosynthesis: the Calvin cycle.

Biological membranes. Transport across membranes. Signal transduction; hormones and neurotransmitters.

DNA replication, transcription and translation. Biochemical regulation of gene expression. Recombinant DNA technology and applications: PCR, site directed mutagenesis and DNA-microarray.

Immune system. Active and passive immunity. Complement system. Antibody structure, function and diversity. Cells of the immune system: T, B and macrophages. T and B cell activation. Major histocompatibilty complex. T cell receptor. Immunological techniques: Immunodiffusion, immunoelectrophoresis, RIA and ELISA.
Section J: Botany

Plant Systematics: Systems of classification (non-phylogenetic vs. phylogenetic – outline), plant groups, molecular systematics.

Plant Anatomy: Plant cell structure, organization, organelles, cytoskeleton, cell wall and membranes; anatomy of root, stem and leaves, meristems, vascular system, their ontogeny, structure and functions, secondary growth in plants and stellar organization.

Morphogenesis & Development: Cell cycle, cell division, life cycle of an angiosperm, pollination, fertilization, embryogenesis, seed formation, seed storage proteins, seed dormancy and germination.

Concept of cellular totipotency, clonal propagation; organogenesis and somatic embryogenesis, artificial seed, somaclonal variation, secondary metabolism in plant cell culture, embryo culture, in vitro fertilization.

Physiology and Biochemistry: Plant water relations, transport of minerals and solutes, stress physiology, stomatal physiology, signal transduction, N2 metabolism, photosynthesis, photorespiration; respiration, Flowering: photoperiodism and vernalization, biochemical mechanisms involved in flowering; molecular mechanism of senencensce and aging, biosynthesis, mechanism of action and physiological effects of plant growth regulators, structure and function of biomolecules, (proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acid), enzyme kinetics.

Genetics: Principles of Mendelian inheritance, linkage, recombination, genetic mapping; extrachromosomal inheritance; prokaryotic and eukaryotic genome organization, regulation of gene expression, gene mutation and repair, chromosomal aberrations (numerical and structural), transposons.

Plant Breeding and Genetic Modification: Principles, methods – selection, hybridization, heterosis; male sterility, genetic maps and molecular markers, sporophytic and gametophytic self incompability, haploidy, triploidy, somatic cell hybridization, marker-assisted selection, gene transfer methods viz. direct and vector-mediated, plastid transformation, transgenic plants and their application in agriculture, molecular pharming, plantibodies.

Economic Botany: A general account of economically and medicinally important plants- cereals, pulses, plants yielding fibers, timber, sugar, beverages, oils, rubber, pigments, dyes, gums, drugs and narcotics. Economic importance of algae, fungi, lichen and bacteria.

Plant Pathology: Nature and classification of plant diseases, diseases of important crops caused by fungi, bacteria and viruses, and their control measures, mechanism(s) of pathogenesis and resistance, molecular detection of pathogens; plant-microbe beneficial interactions.

Ecology and Environment: Ecosystems – types, dynamics, degradation, ecological succession; food chains and energy flow; vegetation types of the world, pollution and global warming, speciation and extinction, conservation strategies, cryopreservation, phytoremediation.
Section K: Microbiology

Historical Perspective: Discovery of microbial world; Landmark discoveries relevant to the field of microbiology; Controversy over spontaneous generation; Role of microorganisms in transformation of organic matter and in the causation of diseases.

Methods in Microbiology: Pure culture techniques; Theory and practice of sterilization; Principles of microbial nutrition; Enrichment culture techniques for isolation of microorganisms; Light-, phase contrast- and electron-microscopy.

Microbial Taxonomy and Diversity: Bacteria, Archea and their broad classification; Eukaryotic microbes: Yeasts, molds and protozoa; Viruses and their classification; Molecular approaches to microbial taxonomy.

Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells: Structure and Function: Prokaryotic Cells: cell walls, cell membranes, mechanisms of solute transport across membranes, Flagella and Pili, Capsules, Cell inclusions like endospores and gas vesicles; Eukaryotic cell organelles: Endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, mitochondria and chloroplasts.

Microbial Growth: Definition of growth; Growth curve; Mathematical expression of exponential growth phase; Measurement of growth and growth yields; Synchronous growth; Continuous culture; Effect of environmental factors on growth.

Control of Micro-organisms: Effect of physical and chemical agents; Evaluation of effectiveness of antimicrobial agents.

Microbial Metabolism: Energetics: redox reactions and electron carriers; An overview of metabolism; Glycolysis; Pentose-phosphate pathway; Entner-Doudoroff pathway; Glyoxalate pathway; The citric acid cycle; Fermentation; Aerobic and anaerobic respiration; Chemolithotrophy; Photosynthesis; Calvin cycle; Biosynthetic pathway for fatty acids synthesis; Common regulatory mechanisms in synthesis of amino acids; Regulation of major metabolic pathways.

Microbial Diseases and Host Pathogen Interaction: Normal microbiota; Classification of infectious diseases; Reservoirs of infection; Nosocomial infection; Emerging infectious diseases; Mechanism of microbial pathogenicity; Nonspecific defense of host; Antigens and antibodies; Humoral and cell mediated immunity; Vaccines; Immune deficiency; Human diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, and pathogenic fungi.

Chemotherapy/Antibiotics: General characteristics of antimicrobial drugs; Antibiotics: Classification, mode of action and resistance; Antifungal and antiviral drugs.

Microbial Genetics: Types of mutation; UV and chemical mutagens; Selection of mutants; Ames test for mutagenesis; Bacterial genetic system: transformation, conjugation, transduction, recombination, plasmids, transposons; DNA repair; Regulation of gene expression: repression and induction; Operon model; Bacterial genome with special reference to E.coli; Phage ? and its life cycle; RNA phages; RNA viruses; Retroviruses; Basic concept of microbial genomics.

Microbial Ecology: Microbial interactions; Carbon, sulphur and nitrogen cycles; Soil microorganisms associated with vascular plants.
Section L: Zoology

Animal world:Animal diversity, distribution, systematics and classification of animals, phylogenetic relationships.

Evolution: Origin and history of life on earth, theories of evolution, natural selection, adaptation, speciation.

Genetics: Principles of inheritance, molecular basis of heredity, mutations, cytoplasmic inheritance, linkage and mapping of genes.

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology: Nucleic acids, proteins, lipids and carbohydrates; replication, transcription and translation; regulation of gene expression, organization of genome, Kreb’s cycle, glycolysis, enzyme catalysis, hormones and their actions, vitamins.

Cell Biology: Structure of cell, cellular organelles and their structure and function, cell cycle, cell division, chromosomes and chromatin structure. Eukaryotic gene organization and expression (Basic principles of signal transduction).

Animal Anatomy and Physiology: Comparative physiology, the respiratory system, circulatory system, digestive system, the nervous system, the excretory system, the endocrine system, the reproductive system, the skeletal system, osmoregulation.

Parasitology and Immunology: Nature of parasite, host-parasite relation, protozoan and helminthic parasites, the immune response, cellular and humoral immune response, evolution of the immune system.

Development Biology: Embryonic development, cellular differentiation, organogenesis, metamorphosis, genetic basis of development, stem cells.

Ecology: The ecosystem, habitats, the food chain, population dynamics, species diversity, zoogerography, biogeochemical cycles, conservation biology.

Animal Behaviour: Types of behaviours, courtship, mating and territoriality, instinct, learning and memory, social behaviour across the animal taxa, communication, pheromones, evolution of animal behaviour.
Section M: Food Technology

Food Chemistry and Nutrition: Carbohydrates: Structure and functional properties of mono- oligo-polysaccharides including starch, cellulose, pectic substances and dietary fibre; Proteins: Classification and structure of proteins in food; Lipids: Classification and structure of lipids, Rancidity of fats, Polymerization and polymorphism; Pigments: Carotenoids, chlorophylls, anthocyanins, tannins and  myoglobin; Food flavours: Terpenes, esters, ketones and quinones; Enzymes: Specificity, Kinetics and inhibition, Coenzymes, Enzymatic and non-enzymatic browning; Nutrition: Balanced diet, Essential amino acids and fatty acids, PER, Water soluble and fat soluble vitamins, Role of minerals in nutrition, Antinutrients, Nutrition deficiency diseases.

Food Microbiology: Characteristics of microorganisms: Morphology, structure and detection of bacteria, yeast and mold in food, Spores and vegetative cells; Microbial growth in food: Intrinsic and extrinsic factors, Growth and death kinetics, serial dilution method for quantification; Food spoilage: Contributing factors, Spoilage bacteria, Microbial spoilage of milk and milk products, meat and meat products; Foodborne disease: Toxins produced by Staphylococcus, Clostridium and Aspergillus; Bacterial pathogens: Salmonella, Bacillus, Listeria, Escherichia coli, Shigella, Campylobacter; Fermented food: Buttermilk, yoghurt, cheese, sausage, alcoholic beverage, vinegar, sauerkraut and soya sauce.

Food Products Technology: Processing principles: Canning, chilling, freezing, dehydration, control of water activity, CA and MA storage, fermentation, hurdle technology, addition of preservatives and  food additives, Food packaging, cleaning in place and food laws.; Grain products processing: Milling of rice, wheat, and maize, parboiling of paddy, production of bread, biscuits, extruded products and breakfast cereals, Solvent extraction, refining and hydrogenation of oil; Fruits, vegetables and plantation products processing: Extraction, clarification concentration and packaging of fruit juice, Production of jam, jelly, marmalade, squash, candies, and pickles, pectin from fruit waste, tea, coffee, chocolate and  essential oils from spices; Milk and milk products processing: Pasteurized and sterilized milk, cream, butter, ghee, ice-cream, cheese and milk powder; Animal products processing: Drying and canning of fish, post mortem changes, tenderization and freezing of meat, egg powder.

Food Engineering: Mass and energy balance; Momentum transfer:  Flow rate and pressure drop relationships for Newtonian fluids flowing through pipe, Characteristics of non-Newtonian fluids – generalized viscosity coefficient and Reynolds number, Flow of compressible fluid, Flow measurement, Pumps and compressors; Heat transfer: Heat transfer by conduction, convection, radiation, boiling and condensation, Unsteady state heat transfer in simple geometry, NTU- effectiveness relationship of co-current and counter current double pipe heat exchanger; Mass transfer: Molecular diffusion and Fick’s Law, Steady state mass transfer, Convective mass transfer, Permeability of films and laminates; Mechanical operations: Energy requirement and rate of operations involved in size reduction of solids, high pressure homogenization, filtration, centrifugation, settling, sieving, flow through porous bed, agitation of liquid, solid-solid mixing, and single screw extrusion; Thermal operations: Energy requirement and rate of operations involved in process time evaluation in batch and continuous sterilization, evaporation of liquid foods, hot air drying of solids, spray and freeze-drying, freezing and crystallization; Mass transfer operations: Properties of air-water vapor mixture; Humidification and dehumidification operations.

GATE 2013 Engineering Sciences (XE) Syllabus

Section A: Engineering Mathematics (Compulsory)

Linear Algebra: Algebra of matrices, inverse, rank, system of linear equations, symmetric, skew-symmetric and orthogonal matrices. Hermitian, skew-Hermitian and unitary matrices.eigenvalues and eigenvectors, diagonalisation of matrices, Cayley-Hamilton Theorem.


Calculus: Functions of single variable, limit, continuity and differentiability, Mean value theorems, Indeterminate forms and L’Hospital rule, Maxima and minima,Taylor’s series, Fundamental and mean value-theorems of integral calculus. Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Beta and Gamma functions, Functions of two variables, limit, continuity, partial derivatives, Euler’s theorem for homogeneous functions, total derivatives, maxima and minima, Lagrange method of multipliers, double and triple integrals and their applications, sequence and series, tests for convergence, power series, Fourier Series, Half range sine and cosine series.

Complex variable: Analytic functions, Cauchy-Riemann equations, Application in solving potential problems, Line integral, Cauchy’s integral theorem and integral formula (without proof), Taylor’s and Laurent’ series, Residue theorem (without proof) and its applications.

Vector Calculus: Gradient, divergence and curl, vector identities, directional derivatives, line, surface and volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems (without proofs) applications.

Ordinary Differential Equations: First order equation (linear and nonlinear), Second order linear differential equations with variable coefficients, Variation of parameters method, higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Cauchy- Euler’s equations, power series solutions, Legendre polynomials and Bessel’s functions of the first kind and their properties.

Partial Differential Equations: Separation of variables method,Laplace equation, solutions of one dimensional heat and wave equations.

Probability and Statistics: Definitions of probability and simple theorems, conditional probability, Bayes Theorem, random variables, discrete and continuous distributions, Binomial, Poisson, and normal distributions, correlation and linear regression.

Numerical Methods: Solution of a system of linear equations by L-U decomposition, Gauss-Jordan and Gauss-Seidel Methods, Newton’s interpolation formulae, Solution of a polynomial and a transcendental equation by Newton-Raphson method, numerical integration by trapezoidal rule, Simpson’s rule and Gaussian quadrature, numerical solutions of first order differential equation by Euler’s method and 4th order Runge-Kutta method.
Section B: Fluid Mechanics

Fluid Properties: Relation between stress and strain rate for Newtonian fluids.

Hydrostatics: Buoyancy, manometry, forces on submerged bodies.

Eulerian and Lagrangian description of fluid motion, concept of local and convective accelerations, steady and unsteady flows, control volume analysis for mass, momentum and energy.

Differential equations of mass and momentum (Euler equation), Bernoulli’s equation and its applications.

Concept of fluid rotation, vorticity, stream function and potential function.

Potential flow: elementary flow fields and principle of superposition, potential flow past a circular cylinder.

Dimensional analysis: Concept of geometric, kinematic and dynamic similarity, importance of non-dimensional numbers.

Fully-developed pipe flow, laminar and turbulent flows, friction factor, Darcy-Weisbach relation.

Qualitative ideas of boundary layer and separation, streamlined and bluff bodies, drag and lift forces.

Basic ideas of flow measurement using venturimeter, pitot-static tube and orifice plate.
Section C: Materials Science

Structure: Atomic structure and bonding in materials. Crystal structure of materials, crystal systems, unit cells and space lattices, determination of structures of simple crystals by x-ray diffraction, miller indices of planes and directions, packing geometry in metallic, ionic and covalent solids. Concept of amorphous, single and polycrystalline structures and their effect on properties of materials.Crystal growth techniques.Imperfections in crystalline solids and their role in influencing various properties.

Diffusion: Fick’s laws and application of diffusion in sintering, doping of semiconductors and surface hardening of metals.

Metals and Alloys: Solid solutions, solubility limit, phase rule, binary phase diagrams, intermediate phases, intermetallic compounds, iron-iron carbide phase diagram, heat treatment of steels, cold, hot working of metals, recovery, recrystallization and grain growth. Microstrcture, properties and applications of ferrous and non-ferrous alloys.

Ceramics: Structure, properties, processing and applications of traditional and advanced ceramics.

Polymers: Classification, polymerization, structure and properties, additives for polymer products, processing and applications.

Composites: Properties and applications of various composites.

Advanced Materials and Tools: Smart materials, exhibiting ferroelectric, piezoelectric, optoelectric, semiconducting behavior, lasers and optical fibers, photoconductivity and superconductivity, nanomaterials – synthesis, properties and applications, biomaterials, superalloys, shape memory alloys. Materials characterization techniques such as, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, scanning tunneling microscopy, atomic absorption spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry.

Mechanical Properties: stress-strain diagrams of metallic, ceramic and polymeric materials, modulus of elasticity, yield strength, tensile strength, toughness, elongation, plastic deformation, viscoelasticity, hardness, impact strength, creep, fatigue, ductile and brittle fracture.

Thermal Properties: Heat capacity, thermal conductivity, thermal expansion of materials.

Electronic Properties: Concept of energy band diagram for materials – conductors, semiconductors and insulators, electrical conductivity – effect of temperature on conductility, intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, dielectric properties.

Optical Properties: Reflection, refraction, absorption and transmission of electromagnetic radiation in solids.

Magnetic Properties: Origin of magnetism in metallic and ceramic materials, paramagnetism, diamagnetism, antiferro magnetism, ferromagnetism, ferrimagnetism, magnetic hysterisis.

Environmental Degradation: Corrosion and oxidation of materials, prevention.
Section D: Solid Mechanics

Equivalent force systems; free-body diagrams; equilibrium equations; analysis of determinate trusses and frames; friction; simple relative motion of particles; force as function of position, time and speed; force acting on a body in motion; laws of motion; law of conservation of energy; law of conservation of momentum.

Stresses and strains; principal stresses and strains; Mohr’s circle; generalized Hooke’s Law; thermal strain; theories of failure.

Axial, shear and bending moment diagrams; axial, shear and bending stresses; deflection (for symmetric bending); torsion in circular shafts; thin cylinders; energy methods (Castigliano’s Theorems); Euler buckling.

Free vibration of single degree of freedom systems.
Section E: Thermodynamics

Basic Concepts: Continuum, macroscopic approach, thermodynamic system (closed and open or control volume); thermodynamic properties and equilibrium; state of a system, state diagram, path and process; different modes of work; Zeroth law of thermodynamics; concept of temperature; heat.

First Law of Thermodynamics: Energy, enthalpy, specific heats, first law applied to systems and control volumes, steady and unsteady flow analysis.

Second Law of Thermodynamics: Kelvin-Planck and Clausius statements, reversible and irreversible processes, Carnot theorems, thermodynamic temperature scale, Clausius inequality and concept of entropy, principle of increase of entropy; availability and irreversibility.

Properties of Pure Substances: Thermodynamic properties of pure substances in solid, liquid and vapor phases, P-V-T behaviour of simple compressible substances, phase rule, thermodynamic property tables and charts, ideal and real gases, equations of state, compressibility chart.

Thermodynamic Relations: T-ds relations, Maxwell equations, Joule-Thomson coefficient, coefficient of volume expansion, adiabatic and isothermal compressibilities, Clapeyron equation.

Thermodynamic cycles: Carnot vapor power cycle, Ideal Rankine cycle, Rankine Reheat cycle, Air standard Otto cycle, Air standard Diesel cycle, Air-standard Brayton cycle, Vapor-compression refrigeration cycle.

Ideal Gas Mixtures:Dalton’s and Amagat’s laws, calculations of properties, air-water vapor mixtures and simple thermodynamic processes involving them.

Section F: Polymer Science and Engineering

Chemistry of high polymers: Monomers, functionality, degree of polymerizations, classification of polymers, glass transition, melting transition, criteria for rubberiness, polymerization methods: addition and condensation; their kinetics, metallocene polymers and other newer techniques of polymerization, copolymerization, monomer reactivity ratios and its significance, kinetics, different copolymers, random, alternating, azeotropic copolymerization, block and graft copolymers, techniques for copolymerization-bulk, solution, suspension, emulsion.

Polymer Characterization: Solubility and swelling, concept of average molecular weight, determination of number average, weight average, viscosity average and Z-average molecular weights, polymer crystallinity, analysis of polymers using IR, XRD, thermal (DSC, DMTA, TGA), microscopic (optical and electronic) techniques.

Synthesis and properties: Commodity and general purpose thermoplastics: PE, PP, PS, PVC, Polyesters, Acrylic, PU polymers. Engineering Plastics: Nylon, PC, PBT, PSU, PPO, ABS, Fluoropolymers Thermosetting polymers: PF, MF, UF, Epoxy, Unsaturated polyester, Alkyds. Natural and synthetic rubbers: Recovery of NR hydrocarbon from latex, SBR, Nitrile, CR, CSM, EPDM, IIR, BR, Silicone, TPE.

Polymer blends and composites: Difference between blends and composites, their significance, choice of polymers for blending, blend miscibility-miscible and immiscible blends, thermodynamics, phase morphology, polymer alloys, polymer eutectics, plastic-plastic, rubber-plastic and rubber-rubber blends, FRP, particulate, long and short fibre reinforced composites.

Polymer Technology: Polymer compounding-need and significance, different compounding ingredients for rubber and plastics, crosslinking and vulcanization, vulcanization kinetics.

Polymer rheology: Flow of Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids, different flow equations, dependence of shear modulus on temperature, molecular/segmental deformations at different zones and transitions. Measurements of rheological parameters by capillary rotating, parallel plate, cone-plate rheometer. viscoelasticity-creep and stress relaxations, mechanical models, control of rheological characteristics through compounding, rubber curing in parallel plate viscometer, ODR and MDR.

Polymer processing: Compression molding, transfer molding, injection molding, blow molding, reaction injection molding, extrusion, pultrusion, calendaring, rotational molding, thermoforming, rubber processing in two-roll mill, internal mixer.

Polymer testing: Mechanical-static and dynamic tensile, flexural, compressive, abrasion, endurance, fatigue, hardness, tear, resilience, impact, toughness. Conductivity-thermal and electrical, dielectric constant, dissipation factor, power factor, electric resistance, surface resistivity, volume resistivity, swelling, ageing resistance, environmental stress cracking resistance.
Section G: Food Technology

Food Chemistry and Nutrition: Carbohydrates: Structure and functional properties of mono- oligo-polysaccharides including starch, cellulose, pectic substances and dietary fibre; Proteins: Classification and structure of proteins in food; Lipids: Classification and structure of lipids, Rancidity of fats, Polymerization and polymorphism; Pigments: Carotenoids, chlorophylls, anthocyanins, tannins and  myoglobin; Food flavours: Terpenes, esters, ketones and quinones; Enzymes: Specificity, Kinetics and inhibition, Coenzymes, Enzymatic and non-enzymatic browning; Nutrition: Balanced diet, Essential amino acids and fatty acids, PER, Water soluble and fat soluble vitamins, Role of minerals in nutrition, Antinutrients, Nutrition deficiency diseases.

Food Microbiology: Characteristics of microorganisms: Morphology, structure and detection of bacteria, yeast and mold in food, Spores and vegetative cells; Microbial growth in food: Intrinsic and extrinsic factors, Growth and death kinetics, serial dilution method for quantification; Food spoilage: Contributing factors, Spoilage bacteria, Microbial spoilage of milk and milk products, meat and meat products; Foodborne disease: Toxins produced by Staphylococcus, Clostridium and Aspergillus; Bacterial pathogens: Salmonella, Bacillus, Listeria, Escherichia coli, Shigella, Campylobacter; Fermented food: Buttermilk, yoghurt, cheese, sausage, alcoholic beverage, vinegar, sauerkraut and soya sauce.

Food Products Technology: Processing principles: Canning, chilling, freezing, dehydration, control of water activity, CA and MA storage, fermentation, hurdle technology, addition of preservatives and  food additives, Food packaging, cleaning in place and food laws.; Grain products processing: Milling of rice, wheat, and maize, parboiling of paddy, production of bread, biscuits, extruded products and breakfast cereals, Solvent extraction, refining and hydrogenation of oil; Fruits, vegetables and plantation products processing: Extraction, clarification concentration and packaging of fruit juice, Production of jam, jelly, marmalade, squash, candies, and pickles, pectin from fruit waste, tea, coffee, chocolate and  essential oils from spices; Milk and milk products processing: Pasteurized and sterilized milk, cream, butter, ghee, ice-cream, cheese and milk powder; Animal products processing: Drying and canning of fish, post mortem changes, tenderization and freezing of meat, egg powder.

Food Engineering: Mass and energy balance; Momentum transfer:  Flow rate and pressure drop relationships for Newtonian fluids flowing through pipe, Characteristics of non-Newtonian fluids – generalized viscosity coefficient and Reynolds number, Flow of compressible fluid, Flow measurement, Pumps and compressors; Heat transfer: Heat transfer by conduction, convection, radiation, boiling and condensation, Unsteady state heat transfer in simple geometry, NTU- effectiveness relationship of co-current and counter current double pipe heat exchanger; Mass transfer: Molecular diffusion and Fick’s Law, Steady state mass transfer, Convective mass transfer, Permeability of films and laminates; Mechanical operations: Energy requirement and rate of operations involved in size reduction of solids, high pressure homogenization, filtration, centrifugation, settling, sieving, flow through porous bed, agitation of liquid, solid-solid mixing, and single screw extrusion; Thermal operations: Energy requirement and rate of operations involved in process time evaluation in batch and continuous sterilization, evaporation of liquid foods, hot air drying of solids, spray and freeze-drying, freezing and crystallization; Mass transfer operations: Properties of air-water vapor mixture; Humidification and dehumidification operations.

GATE 2013 Textile Engineering and Fibre Science (TF) Syllabus

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Linear Algebra: Matrices and Determinants, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigen vectors.

Calculus: Limit, continuity and differentiability; Partial Derivatives; Maxima and minima; Sequences and series; Test for convergence; Fourier series.

Vector Calculus: Gradient; Divergence and Curl; Line; surface and volume integrals; Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.


Diferential Equations: Linear and non-linear first order ODEs; Higher order linear ODEs with constant coefficients; Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations; Laplace transforms; PDEs –Laplace, heat and wave equations.

Probability and Statistics: Mean, median, mode and standard deviation; Random variables; Poisson, normal and binomial distributions; Correlation and regression analysis.

Numerical Methods: Solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations; integration of trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule; single and multi-step methods for differential equations.
TEXTILE ENGINEERING AND FIBRE SCIENCE

Textile Fibres: Classification of textile fibres; Essential requirements of fibre forming polymers; Gross and fine structure of natural fibres like cotton, wool and silk. Introduction to important bastfibres; properties and uses of natural and man-made fibres; physical and chemical methods of fibre and blend identification and blend analysis.

Molecular architecture, amorphous and crystalline phases, glass transition, plasticization, crystallization, melting, factors affecting Tg and Tm; Process of viscose and acetate preparation. Polymerization of nylon-6, nylon-66, poly (ethylene terephthalate), polyacrylonitrile and polypropylene; Melt Spinning processes, characteristic features of PET, polyamide and polypropylene spinning; wet and dry spinning of viscose and acrylic fibres; post spinning operations such as drawing, heat setting, tow-to-top conversion and different texturing methods.

Methods of investigating fibre structure e.g., Density, X-ray diffraction, birefringence, optical and electron microscopy, I.R. absorption, thermal methods (DSC, DMA/TMA, TGA); structure and morphology ofman-made fibres, mechanical properties of fibres, moisture sorption in fibres; fibre structure and property correlation.

Yarn manufacture and yarn structure & properties: Principles of opening, cleaning and mixing/blending of fibrous materials, working principle of modern opening and cleaning equipments; the technology of carding, carding of cotton and synthetic fibres; Drafting operation, roller and apron drafting principle, causes of mass irregularity introduced by drafting; roller arrangements in drafting systems; principles of cotton combing, combing cycle, mechanism and function, combing efficiency, lap preparation; recent developments in comber; Roving production, mechanism of bobbin building, roving twist; Principle of ring spinning, forces acting on yarn and traveler; ring & traveler designs; mechanism of cop formation, causes of end breakages; working principle of ring doubler and two for one twister, single and folded yarn twist, properties of double yarns, production of core spun yarn, compact spinning, principle of non conventional methods of yarn production such as rotor spinning, air jet spinning, wrap spinning, twist less spinning and friction spinning.

Yarn contraction, yarn diameter, specific volume & packing coefficient; twist strength relationship in spun yarns; fibre configuration and orientation in yarn; cause of fibre migration and its estimation, irregularity index, properties of ring, rotor and air-jet yarns.

Fabric manufacture and Fabric Structure: Principles of cheese and cone winding processes and machines; random and precision winding; package faults and their remedies; yarn clearers and tensioners; different systems of yarn splicing; features of modern cone winding machines; different types of warping creels; features of modern beam and sectional warping machines; different sizing systems, sizing of spun and filament yarns, modern sizing machines; principles of pirn winding processes and machines; primary and secondary motions of loom, effect of their settings and timings on fabric formation, fabric appearance and weaving performance; dobby and jacquard shedding; mechanics of weft insertion with shuttle; warp and weft stop motions, warp protection, weft replenishment; functional principles of weft insertion systems of shuttle-less weaving machines, principles of multiphase and circular looms.

Principles of weft and warp knitting; basic weft and warp knitted structures. Classification, production and areas of application of nonwoven fabrics.Basic woven fabric constructions and their derivatives; crepe, cord, terry, gauze, leno and double cloth constructions. Peirce’s equations for fabric geometry; elastica model of plain woven fabrics; thickness, cover and maximum sett of woven fabrics.

Textile Testing: Sampling techniques, sample size and sampling errors. Measurement of fibre length, fineness, crimp, strength and reflectance; measurement of cotton fibre maturity and trash content; HVI and AFIS for fibre testing. Measurement of yarn count, twist and hairiness; tensile testing of fibres, yarns and fabrics; evenness testing of slivers, rovings and yarns; testing equipment for measurement test methods of fabric properties like thickness, compressibility, air permeability, drape, crease recovery, tear strength, bursting strength and abrasion resistance. FAST and Kawabata instruments and systems for objective fabric evaluation.Statistical data analysis of experimental results.Correlation analysis, significance tests and analysis of variance; frequency distributions and control charts.

Preparatory Processes: Chemistry and practice of preparatory processes for cotton, wool and silk. Mercerization of cotton.Preparatory processes for nylon, polyester and acrylic and polyester/cotton blends.

Dyeing: Classification of dyes. Dyeing of cotton, wool, silk, polyester, nylon and acrylic with appropriate dye classes. Dyeing polyester/cotton and polyester/wool blends. Batchwise and continuous dyeing machines. Dyeing of cotton knitted fabrics and machines used. Dye fibre interaction. Introduction to thermodynamics and kinetics of dyeing.Methods for determination of wash, light and rubbing fastness.Evaluation of fastness properties with the help of grey scale.

Printing: Styles of printing. Printing thickeners including synthetic thickeners. Printing auxiliaries. Printing of cotton with reactive dyes. Printing of wool, silk, nylon with acid and metal complex dyes. Printing of polyester with disperse dyes. Methods of dye fixation after printing. Resist and discharge printing of cotton, silk and polyester. Printing of polyester/cotton blends with disperse/reactive combination. Transfer printing of polyester. Developments in inkjet printing.

Finishing: Mechanical finishing of cotton. Stiff. Soft, wrinkle resistant, water repellent, flame retardant and enzyme (bio-polishing) finishing of cotton.Milling, decatizing and shrink resistant finishing of wool.Antistat finishing of synthetic fibre fabrics. Heat setting of polyester.

Energy Conservation: Minimum application techniques.

Pollution: Environment pollution during chemical processing of textiles. Treatment of textile effluents.

GATE 2013 Production and Industrial Engineering (PI) Syllabus

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigen vectors.

Calculus: Functions of single variable, Limit, continuity and differentiability, Mean value theorems, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial derivatives, Total derivative, Maxima and minima, Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.


Differential equations: First order equations (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Initial and boundary value problems, Laplace transforms, Solutions of one dimensional heat and wave equations and Laplace equation.

Complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem, Taylor and Laurent series.

Probability and Statistics: Definitions of probability and sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Poisson,Normal and Binomial distributions.

Numerical Methods: Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule, single and multi-step methods for differential equations.
GENERAL ENGINEERING

Engineering Materials: Structure and properties of engineering materials and their applications; effect of strain, strain rate and temperature on mechanical properties of metals and alloys; heat treatment of metals and alloys, its influence on mechanical properties.

Applied Mechanics: Engineering mechanics – equivalent force systems, free body concepts, equations of equilibrium; strength of materials – stress, strain and their relationship, Mohr’s circle, deflection of beams, bending and shear stress, Euler’s theory of columns.

Theory of Machines and Design: Analysis of planar mechanisms, cams and followers; governers and fly wheels; design of elements – failure theories; design of bolted, riveted and welded joints; design of shafts, keys, spur gears, belt drives, brakes and clutches.

Thermal Engineering: Fluid mechanics – fluid statics, Bernoulli’s equation, flow through pipes, equations of continuity and momentum; thermodynamics – zeroth, first and second law of thermodynamics, thermodynamic system and processes, calculation of work and heat for systems and control volumes; air standard cycles; basics of internal combustion engines and steam turbines; heat transfer – fundamentals of conduction, convection and radiation, heat exchangers.
PRODUCTION ENGINEERING

Metal Casting: Casting processes – types and applications; patterns – types and materials; allowances; moulds and cores – materials, making, and testing; casting techniques of cast iron, steels and nonferrous metals and alloys; solidification; design of casting, gating and risering; casting inspection, defects and remedies.

Metal Forming: Stress-strain relations in elastic and plastic deformation; concept of flow stress, deformation mechanisms; hot and cold working – forging, rolling, extrusion, wire and tube drawing; sheet metal working processes such as blanking, piercing, bending, deep drawing, coining and embossing; analysis of rolling, forging, extrusion and wire /rod drawing; metal working defects.

Metal Joining Processes: Welding processes – manual metal arc, MIG, TIG, plasma arc, submerged arc, electroslag, thermit, resistance, forge, friction, and explosive welding;other joining processes – soldering, brazing, braze welding; inspection of welded joints, defects and remedies; introduction to advanced welding processes – ultrasonic, electron beam, laser beam; thermal cutting.

Machining and Machine Tool Operations: Basic machine tools; machining processes-turning, drilling, boring, milling, shaping, planing, gear cutting, thread production, broaching, grinding, lapping, honing, super finishing; mechanics of machining – geometry of cutting tools, chip formation, cutting forces and power requirements, Merchant’s analysis; selection of machining parameters; tool materials, tool wear and tool life, economics of machining, thermal aspects of machining, cutting fluids, machinability; principles and applications of nontraditional machining processes – USM, AJM, WJM, EDM and Wire cut EDM, LBM, EBM, PAM, CHM, ECM.

Tool Engineering: Jigs and fixtures – principles, applications, and design; press tools – configuration, design of die and punch; principles of forging die design.

Metrology and Inspection: Limits, fits, and tolerances, interchangeability, selective assembly; linear and angular measurements by mechanical and optical methods, comparators; design of limit gauges; interferometry; measurement of straightness, flatness, roundness, squareness and symmetry; surface finish measurement; inspection of screw threads and gears; alignment testing of machine tools.

Powder Metallurgy: Production of metal powders, compaction and sintering.

Polymers and Composites: Introduction to polymers and composites; plastic processing – injection, compression and blow molding, extrusion, calendaring and thermoforming; molding of composites.

Manufacturing Analysis: Sources of errors in manufacturing; process capability; tolerance analysis in manufacturing and assembly; process planning; parameter selection and comparison of production alternatives; time and cost analysis; manufacturing technologies – strategies and selection.

Computer Integrated Manufacturing: Basic concepts of CAD,CAM, CAPP, cellular manufacturing, NC, CNC, DNC, Robotics, FMS, and CIM.
INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING

Product Design and Development: Principles of good product design, tolerance design; quality and cost considerations;product life cycle; standardization, simplification, diversification, value engineering and analysis, concurrent engineering.

Engineering Economy and Costing: Elementary cost accounting and methods of depreciation; break-even analysis, techniques for evaluation of capital investments, financial statements.

Work System Design: Taylor’s scientific management, Gilbreths’s contributions; productivity – concepts and measurements;methodstudy, micro-motion study, principles of motion economy; work measurement – stop watch time study, work sampling, standard data, PMTS; ergonomics; job evaluation, merit rating, incentive schemes, and wage administration; business process reengineering.

Facility Design: Facility location factors and evaluation of alternate locations; types of plant layout and their evaluation; computer aided layout design techniques; assembly line balancing; materials handling systems.

Production Planning and Inventory Control: Forecasting techniques – causal and time series models, moving average, exponential smoothing, trend and seasonality; aggregate production planning; master production scheduling; MRP and MRP-II; order control and flow control; routing, scheduling and priority dispatching; push and pull production systems, concept of JIT manufacturing system; logistics, distribution, and supply chain management; Inventory – functions, costs, classifications, deterministic and probabilistic inventory models, quantity discount; perpetual and periodic inventory control systems.

Operation Research: Linear programming – problem formulation, simplex method, duality and sensitivity analysis; transportation and assignment models; network flow models, constrained optimization and Lagrange multipliers; simple queuing models; dynamic programming; simulation – manufacturing applications; PERT and CPM, time-cost trade-off, resource leveling.

Quality Management: Quality – concept and costs, quality circles, quality assurance; statistical quality control, acceptance sampling, zero defects, six sigma; total quality management; ISO 9000; design of experiments – Taguchi method.

Reliability and Maintenance: Reliability, availability and maintainability; distribution of failure and repair times; determination of MTBF and MTTR, reliability models; system reliability determination; preventive maintenance and replacement, total productive maintenance – concept and applications.

Management Information System: Value of information; information storage and retrieval system – database and data structures; knowledge based systems.

Intellectual Property System: Definition ofintellectual property, importance of IPR; TRIPS and its implications, patent, copyright, industrial design and trademark.