Search Here Questions and Answers about Education and Jobs!

Featured Post

How to revise complete course in one month for CBSE Class 10th and CBSE Class 12th Exam

Revision matters for successful academic examination. Exam time revision means no new lessons but re-reading the chapters and topics you pre...

Tuesday, December 26, 2017

The Charter Act of 1853

  • Laid foundation of Parliamentary system of Government, the executive and legislative separated. Legislative Assembly functioned in the model of British Parliament.
  • Renewed the term of East India Company for an indefinite period;
  • Reduced the number of Board of Directors from 24 to 18 and 6 out of them were nominated;
  • The 4th member became at par with other members as right to vote was conferred; and further added, 6 members known as 'Legislative Councillors'. Six Members were the Chief Justice and a puisne judge of Calcutta Supreme Court, and four representatives, one each from Bengal, Madras, Bombay and NWFP. Therefore, the total number of members became 10.
  • Now it became: Governor-General, 6 members (Legislative Councillors), 4 members (Governor-General-in-Council), Commander-in-Chief.
  • Indian Civil Service became an open competition. Macaulay made Chairman of the Committee.
  • The Act for the first time introduced local representation in the Indian (Central) Legislative Council. The Governor-General's Council had six new legislative members were appointed by the local (provincial) governments of Madras, Bombay, Bengal and Agra.
  • The Act separated, for the first time, the legislative and executive functions of the Governor-General's Council.