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Tuesday, December 26, 2017

Schedules of Indian Constitution

The constitution of India at the time of adoption had only eight Schedules to which four more were added during the succeeding 60 years.

  • First Schedule deals with territories of 28 states and seven union territories of the Indian Union.
  • Second Schedule deals with salaries, allowances etc. of President, Vice President, Speaker, Judges of Supreme Court and High Courts, Comptroller and Auditor General etc.
  • Third Schedule of constitution prescribes the various forms of oath or affirmation which various incumbents have to take before assuming a public office.
  • Fourth Schedule deals with seats allotted to various states and union territories in the Rajya Sabha (Council of States).
  • Fifth Schedule deals with provision regarding administration and control of the scheduled areas.
  • Sixth Schedule deals with provision regarding administration of tribal areas in the state of Assam, Meghalaya and Mizoram.
  • Seventh Schedule details the subjects contained in the three lists - union list, state list and concurrent list, over which the Union and state governments enjoy authority.
  • Eighth Schedule gives the list of 22 regional languages recognized by the original Constitution (Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu) the 15th (Sindhi) was added by the 21st Amendment in 1967; and three viz Konkani, Manipuri, and Nepali were added by the 71st Amendment in 1992. In 2004 four more languages were added to the Eighth Schedule viz Bodo, Maithili, Santhali and Dogri. With this total number of regional languages increased to 22.
  • Ninth Schedule covers land and tenure reforms; the accession of Sikkim with India. It may be reviewed by the courts
  • Tenth Schedule introduces the "Anti-defection" provisions for Members of Parliament and Members of the State Legislatures.
  • Eleventh Schedule constituted for Panchayats, for rular development.
  • Twelfth Schedule defines Powers, authority and responsibilities of Municipalities.