Let's Know About History, Geography, Polity and Economy of Belgium
The Kingdom of Belgium lies in northwest Europe. Its’ neighboring countries are France, Germany, Luxembourg, and Netherlands. Belgium is active member of the European Union. The Headquarters of European Union is located in Belgium. Culturally, Belgium has influences of Germanic and Latin Europe. Belgium was active center of commerce and culture starting from middle ages until seventeenth century. Belgium was the site for many battles fought between European nations before Belgium revolution started in 1830. Following its independence, Belgium actively taken part in industrial activities and trade, and added immensely to its economic strength.
The Kingdom of Belgium is a constitutional popular monarchy and parliamentary republic. The present system of federal government came into effect after World War II i.e. from a unitary state to a federation. The bicameral parliament of Belgium has a Senate and a Chamber of Representatives. The senate composed of senior politicians and representatives from different regions or communities. People of Belgium elect the member of the ‘Chamber of Representatives’. Every person in Belgium must have to vote in elections. The Prime minister is head of the government and formally nominated by the King. The Parliament of Belgium consists Dutch and French speaking ministers in equal numbers. The judicial system is based on civil law. The Constitution of Belgium was revised on July 14, 1993.
The Kingdom of Belgium is divided into three geographic regions- (a) the coastal plane in the northwest, (b) the central plateau, and (c) the Ardennes uplands in the southeast. The Coastal areas mainly consists of sand dunes and polders. The climate in Belgium is maritime temperate; average temperature recorded in January is around 3 degree Celsius and in July 18 degree Celsius. Belgium faces sever environmental problems mainly because of high population density. A study conducted in 2003 suggests that the water in Belgium’s Rivers is of lowest quality.
The major economic contributors to Belgium are its’ ports, canals, railways and roads; as these connects well to neighboring countries. The port of Antwerp and Zeebrugee are the two important ports in Belgium. The Kingdom of Belgium strongly supports the extension of powers of European Union institutions to integrate the member economies. The economy of Belgium is inclined towards foreign trade. The main exports of Belgium are: automobiles, food and food products, iron and steel, finished diamonds, textiles, plastics, petroleum products, and nonferrous metals. On 2006 United Nations Human Development Index Belgium ranked 13th.
Visa Requirements To Study In Belgium
International Students from Non EU Member countries require to apply for a Visa to study in Belzium. The common minimum requirements to apply for a Belzian student visa are:
- Accepted by a college / university in Belgium to pursue a Full Time Course.
- Possess required eligibility certificates to take admission in one such.
- Hold a valid Passport for the intended period of stay.
- Proof of income or sufficient means to support studies in Belgium
- Health Certificate issued by a competent hospital from the home country.
Candididates holding above documents may apply for Visa with nearest Foreign Mission Office of Belgium in the home country.
Belgium also welcomes candidates for part time sudies, log term studies like research programs and training programs etc. For detailed visa requirements for different level of studies you are advised to check with Official Immigration Website of Belgium Government.
List of Universities in Belgium