Showing posts with label Study Abroad. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Study Abroad. Show all posts

List of Business Schools in Australia

Australia is a nice destination to pursue MBA, Under Graduate/Post Graduate Business Programmes and EMBA etc. Here given List of Business Schools in Australia. 

List of Business Schools New South Wales, Australia

  • Australian Catholic University Faculty of Arts and Sciences (Schools of Business) - Australian Catholic University
  • AIM Business School - Australian Institute of Management Education and Training
  • Australian Graduate School of Management - University of New South Wales (postgraduate)
  • The Australian School of Business - University of New South Wales
  • Charles Sturt University Faculty of Business - Charles Sturt University
  • Kaplan Business School, Sydney
  • Macleay College, Sydney
  • Macquarie Graduate School of Management - Macquarie University (postgraduate)
  • Macquarie University Faculty of Business and Economics - Macquarie University
  • Newcastle Graduate School of Business - University of Newcastle (postgraduate)
  • S P Jain School of Global Management, Sydney
  • Southern Cross Business School - Southern Cross University
  • Sydney Business School - University of Wollongong (postgraduate)
  • University of New England Faculty of the Professions (School of Business, Economics and Public Policy) - University of New England
  • University of Newcastle Faculty of Business and Law - University of Newcastle
  • University of Sydney Business School - University of Sydney
  • UTS Business School - University of Technology, Sydney
  • University of Western Sydney Business School - University of Western Sydney (postgraduate)
  • University of Western Sydney College of Business - University of Western Sydney
  • University of Wollongong Faculty of Commerce - University of Wollongong
  • Victoria
  • AIM Business School - Australian Institute of Management Education and Training
  • Australian Catholic University Faculty of Arts & Sciences (Schools of Business) - Australian Catholic University

  • Australian Graduate School of Entrepreneurship - Swinburne University (postgraduate)

  • Charles Sturt University Study Centres - Charles Sturt University (undergraduate and postgraduate)
  • Chifley Business School - Chifley Business School (postgraduate)
  • Deakin Business School - Deakin University (postgraduate)
  • Deakin University Faculty of Business and Law - Deakin University
  • Kaplan Business School, Melbourne
  • La Trobe University Faculty of Law and Management (School of Business) - La Trobe University
  • Macleay College, Melbourne
  • Melbourne Business School - University of Melbourne (postgraduate)
  • Monash Faculty of Business and Economics - Monash University
  • Monash Graduate School of Business - Monash University (postgraduate)
  • RMIT University College of Business - RMIT University
  • Swinburne Business School - Swinburne University
  • University of Ballarat School of Business - University of Ballarat
  • Victoria Graduate School of Business - Victoria University (postgraduate)
  • Victoria University Faculty of Business and Law - Victoria University

List of Business Schools Queensland, Australia

  • AIM Business School - Australian Institute of Management Education and Training
  • Australian Catholic University Faculty of Arts & Sciences (Schools of Business) - Australian Catholic University
  • Bond University Faculty of Business, Technology and Sustainable Development - Bond University
  • Bond University School of Business - Bond University (postgraduate)
  • Brisbane Graduate School of Business - Queensland University of Technology (postgraduate)
  • Central Queensland University Faculty of Business and Informatics - Central Queensland University
  • Griffith Business School - Griffith University (postgraduate)
  • Griffith University Faculty of Business - Griffith University
  • James Cook University Faculty of Law, Business and the Creative Arts - James Cook University
  • James Cook University School of Business - James Cook University (postgraduate)
  • Kaplan Business School, Brisbane
  • Queensland University of Technology Faculty of Business - Queensland University of Technology
  • Rhodes Business School (Australia) - Rhodes Business School (Australia)
  • Southern Cross University Business School - Southern Cross University
  • University of Queensland Faculty of Business, Economics & Law - University of Queensland
  • University of Southern Queensland Faculty of Business - University of Southern Queensland
  • University of the Sunshine Coast Faculty of Business - University of the Sunshine Coast
  • University of the Sunshine Coast School of Management - University of the Sunshine Coast (postgraduate)
  • UQ Business School - University of Queensland (postgraduate)
  • USQ Australian Graduate School of Business - University of Southern Queensland (postgraduate)

List of Business Schools in Western Australia

  • AIM Business School - Australian Institute of Management Education and Training
  • Curtin Business School - Curtin University of Technology
  • Edith Cowan University Faculty of Business and Law - Edith Cowan University
  • Murdoch Business School - Murdoch University (postgraduate)
  • Murdoch University Faculty of Law and Business - Murdoch University
  • Perth Graduate School of Business- Edith Cowan University (postgraduate)
  • University of Notre Dame Business School - University of Notre Dame
  • UWA Business School - University of Western Australia

List of Business Schools in South Australia

  • AIB Business School - Australian Institute of Business
  • AIM Business School - Australian Institute of Management Education and Training
  • Flinders Business - Flinders University (postgraduate)
  • Flinders University College of Business, Government and Law - Flinders University
  • International Graduate School of Business - University of South Australia (postgraduate)
  • Kaplan Business School, Adelaide
  • University of Adelaide Business School - University of Adelaide (postgraduate)
  • University of Adelaide Faculty of the Professions - University of Adelaide
  • University of South Australia Division of Business - University of South Australia

List of Business Schools Tasmania, Australia

  • AIM Business School - Australian Institute of Management Education and Training
  • Tasmanian School of Business and Economics - University of Tasmania
  • University of Tasmania Graduate School of Management - University of Tasmania (postgraduate)

List of Business Schools in Australian Capital Territory

  • AIM Business School - Australian Institute of Management Education and Training
  • ANU College of Business and Economics - Australian National University
  • National Graduate School of Management - Australian National University (postgraduate)
  • University of Canberra Faculty of Business and Government - University of Canberra
  • University of Canberra School of Business and Government - University of Canberra (postgraduate)

List of Business Schools in Northern Territory, Australia

  • AIM Business School - Australian Institute of Management Education and Training
  • Charles Darwin University Faculty of Law, Business and Arts - Charles Darwin University
  • Charles Darwin University School of Law and Business - Charles Darwin University (postgraduate)

Study MBA: University of Waikato New Zealand

 The Waikato Management School, The University of Waikato offer MBA (Master of Business Administration) programme of 18 months duration for International students and 24-36 months duration for Domestic students.

To apply for Waikato MBA you need 

  • A bachelor's degree, or an equivalent professional qualification, AND
  • At least three years' relevant management experience OR at least 10 years' work experience

You will also need to provide the following documentation:

  • A detailed CV that outlines your education and employment history that highlights leadership and management skills or experience.
  • Two written letters of reference; one from your employer and the other can be from an individual of your choice.
  • References should be from individuals who can comment on your managerial strengths, leadership potential and personal character.
  • You may be invited to attend an interview with the Waikato MBA Director (in person or via Zoom) before being admitted to this programme.

English language requirements for international students to apply for Waikato MBA programme

  • an IELTS overall score of at least 6.5, including at least 6.0 in the Writing band, or
  • an iBT (Internet-based TOEFL) score of at least 90, with a Writing score of at least 22, or
  • a B grade or better at Level 8 in the Certificate of Attainment in Academic English, or
  • an overall score of C (with at least a C in the Writing band) in the Foundation Certificate in English for Academic Purposes, or
  • a PTE Academic overall score of at least 65, with no less than 58 for each communicative skill.

Study MBA: University of Otago New Zealand

 On Campus MBA or Online MBA that's your choice. If you are suitable candidate to pursue Post Graduate Business Education you can count on OTAGO MBA programme. The University of Otago is ranked among Top1% Universities of the world in QS World University Rankings. 

To apply you need

  • An undergraduate degree (or equivalent or an acceptable level of management experience)
  • A minimum of 3 years' professional / management experience
  • A 550+ GMAT score or a 'pass' in the Otago MBA Admissions Test
  • An IELTS score of 6.5 or equivalent (if English is not your first language)

There are two intakes offered; On campus MBA February and Online MBA  April

Apply for OTAGO MBA Programme

Looking for Tuition Fee support?

You can apply for University of Otago Scholarships

Study MBA: University of Canterbury New Zealand

 Looking for MBA programme in New Zealand? Why not to apply for UC MBA / University of Canterbury NZ Business School. The UC MBA Programme is accredited with AMBA, AACSB and EQUIS.

The course duration is 16 Months and there are 3 intakes February, May and September. Feb Intake is open for only International students. 

To apply for UC MBA programmes you need;

" A bachelor's degree, or the Postgraduate Diploma in Business Administration, must have been completed with good grades, and at least five years' work experience is required.

Students with English as an additional language are also required to meet UC's English language requirements." (Quotes UC MBA Website)

For detailed requirements see University of Canterbury Application Process

Looking for Scholarships towards UC MBA?

Search UC Scholarships


Study MBA: Massey University New Zealand

The Massey University has campus in Auckland, New Zealand. One year MBA programme offered here is available both as Full Time and Online. You can chose an MBA with or without specialization. Programme is offered in two parts; first part 120 credit, second part 60 credits. Online MBA is flexible and you can complete at your own pace.  Following specializations are available
  • Business Sustainability
  • Digital Transformation
  • International Marketing 
You are eligible to study MBA @ Massey University if you have 
Bachelor's degree with a minimum of B-Grade or equivalent
3 years of relevant work experience 
For admission you meed to appear for entrance test and interview etc as specified by the university.
Fees for MBA Programme at Massey University New Zealand
Domestic students: $43,000 plus non-tuition fees of $800 pa for on-campus study, or $300 pa for distance learning.

International students: $49,000 plus non-tuition fees of $1,430 pa inclusive of student insurance for on-campus study, or $300 pa for distance learning.

Tuition fees include costs of textbooks.

Tuition fees are indicative and may change.

MBA progragramme at Massey University is eligible to apply for Scholarship / Financial Assistance

Study MBA: AUT New Zealand

Looking to get an MBA degree? Why not to chose Auckland University of Technology (AUT), New Zealand? You will get MBA degree that will be liked by employers worldwide. This is 180 points programme.

Students with a graduate diploma or bachelor's degree are eligible to apply. However, you need to submit proof of work experience minimum 5 years post completion to qualifying degree. Candidates may be asked to appear for Aptitude Test / Interview.

International Students from non-English speaking countries are required to submit IELTS Academic score of overall 6.5 with minimum score of 6.0 in each band. 

The final offer of admission is a matter of approval from MBA Admission Director. You can apply for scholarship towards MBA studies at AUT, NZ

Fees for MBA Programme at AUT NZ

Fees: Domestic Students
International Students
$53,715 (full 2020 tuition fee)

For MBA Admission enquiries at Auckland University of Technology (AUT), New Zealand write to 
Phone +64 9 921 9906

Study MBA: AIS New Zealand

Looking to get an MBA degree? Why not to chose Auckland Institute of Studies (AIS), New Zealand?You will get MBA with specialization in one of the following areas
  • International Business
  • Finance
  • Marketing
  • Operations & Logistics
To apply you need IELTS or TOEFL Score. Candidates who have a bachelors degree or equivalent qualification approved by AIS Board are eligible. Depending on your type of UG qualification you may be asked for two year relevant work experience. However candidates with Bachelor's degree in Commerce or related may be exempted from work experience requirements. 

The MBA programme from AIS, NZ is 180 Credit Course of 18 months duration and eligible for Student Loan.

Fees for MBA Programme at AIS NZ

International Students

2020 Programme Fees: NZ$33,750
Resource Fees: NZ$3,000
Total: NZ$36,750

Plus a compulsory Student Services Fee of NZ$300 per year (or NZ$30 per month or part thereof).

Note: International students from Pacific Island countries should contact Malia Uele for tuition fee details:

Phone: +64 9 815 1717 ext 846

Domestic Students 

2020 Programme Fees: NZ$20,250
Resource Fees: NZ$3,000
Total: NZ$23,250

Plus a compulsory Student Services Fee of NZ$300 per year (or NZ$30 per month or part thereof).

Link to MBA Programme Page AIS, NZ

Top MBA Programmes in New Zealand

Looking to get an MBA degree from New Zealand? Here is list of MBA programmes offered from different MBA Schools in New Zealand

Auckland Institute of Studies
  • Course Name: Master of Business Administration (MBA)
  • Duration:18 months
Auckland University of Technology
  • Course Name: Master of Business Administration (MBA)
  • Duration: 1 to 1.5 years
Massey Universty
  • Course Name: MBA with Business Sustainability Specialisation
  • Duration: 1 Year
  • MBA with Digital Transformation Specialisation
  • Duration: 2 Years Part Time
  • MBA with International Marketing Specialisation
  • Duration: 1 Year
University of Canterburry
  • Course Name: MBA
  • Duration: 16 Months
University of Otago
  • Course Name: MBA
  • Duration: 15 Months
The University of Waikato
  • Course Name: MBA
  • Duration: 18 Months
Victoria University of Wellington
  • Course Name: EMBA-Executive Master of Business Administration
  • Duration: 4 Trimesters (180 Points)

Apply Study Abroad New Zealand MyStudyNZ

Looking to study abroad and if New Zealand is your preferred study destination you can apply directly to pursue a programme given you fulfills the eligibility criteria.
There are many reasons to chose NZ as your study destination. If you ask me I would say I like their supportive policies, in New Zealand you are not an outside. Of course when away from home you will miss your family and friends but as far as comfort is concerned I am sure you won't complain that I guided you about not a so right place.
NZ is one of the top countries in Oceania region for study, live and work. 
According to OECD teachers of New Zealand are fourth most professionals in the world. I was not fortunate to go and study there but how much I know from online libraries and news etc NZ always leave a good impression.
You may have many questions about Study in New Zealand you can ask me here and I would love to help. However for more specific questions if you want to know when Auckland sleeps or may be what is snack time during class in a particular NZ college or something like that you can count of official support.

To apply to a study programme in NZ is a 5 simple step process. 
  • Chose your study discipline
  • Know expenditures
  • Write admission application
  • Submit visa application
  • Go, stay, study, work
That looks simple right. And deserving candidates are always welcome across institutions of New Zealand.

List of Universities / Colleges accepting IELTS Band in the United States

Que: I am planning to take IELTS for BA admission in the UK but also looking to apply to couple of US colleges. Do I need to take any additional English test or my IELTS Band would be accepted?

Ans: IELTS Band Score is accepted by US Colleges / Universities for admission. Different schools may have different requirements. For exact information you are advised to reach to your school and ask for the information. However, if English is not your native language you can write IELTS test and apply for admission in US Schools. Here given the exclusive list.

7 tips for making Video Statement of Purpose (VSoP) for college application

Writing college application is no more only pen and paper based work. Smartphones have changed everything so the way you write college application. Now many college ask for a video presentation i.e. Statement of Purpose (SoP) in a video. Admission officer want to know you in every possible way before short listing your application for interview. Though a Video SoP is optional till now but definitely make your chances even for college admission.

Graduate Schools where GRE not required

A fan asked, I want to study graduated course in a US school? Is it necessary to GRE or how can go for one such course without GRE Score?'

Wonderful question and perhaps this is the problem of many leaving undergraduate college and willing to pursue graduate coursework. GRE Score is a mandatory requirement for Graduate Admission across United States and Canada. Also the GRE Score is accepted worldwide for graduate school admission including MBA and Law. Taking GRE is right decision but if you do not GRE Score then too you can apply for many schools across worlds as well as in United States and Canada. I dig deeper, internet database and found few institutes in US where Schools do not ask for GRE Score. Here is the list of


Electrical Engineering and computer science.

Washington State UniversityDepartment of Civil and Environmental Engineering

University of DaytonEngineering

Stevens Institute of TechnologyEngineering

George Mason UniversityApplied Information Technology (MS)
Civil & Infrastructure Engineering (MS)
Computer Forensics (MS)

University of WashingtonCivil Engineering (MS)

University of MarylandEngineering: Professional Master of Engineering (ENPM)

Iowa State UniversityChemical and Biological Engineering (ME)
Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering (ME)
Systems Engineering (ME)

University of MinnesotaCivil Engineering (MS)

Brown UniversityBiomedical Engineering

South Dakota State UniversityMechanical Engineering (MS)
Computer Science (MS)

North Carolina State UniversityLandscape Architecture

Tufts University

Engineering Management

Brandeis University
Computer Science (MA/MS)

Portland State UniversityMechanical and Materials Engineering

New Mexico State University
Economics, Applied Statistics and International Business

University of Maryland, Baltimore County
Geographic Information Systems (MS)
Applied Sociology

University of Arizona
Economic Geology

University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Industrial and Management Systems Engineering

University of Pittsburgh
Material Science & Engg.

University of MichiganInterPro-Integrated Microsystems 

GRE or GMAT for business school admission

GRE is widely accepted now for Business School Admissions. Often candidates have doubt if a GMAT Score will offer them better chance than GRE?
In practice the business schools accepting score of both the tests does not discriminate between two tests. The schools Comparison Tool to equate GRE General Test Score with GMAT.
Here is how business schools compare GRE General Score with GMAT?

How much GRE General Test Cost

Are you planning to appear for GRE General Test? Are you thinking how much test and preparation will cost you? Then here is the information for you.

Standard Test Administration (GRE General Test)
Australia: $230
China: $220.70
Nigeria: $220
All other areas of the world: $205

GRE Subject Test: Psychology

What is the test pattern for GRE Psychology

  • No. of Questions: 205 Multiple Choice Questions

Syllabus and Question Paper Pattern

I. BIOLOGICAL (17–21%)

    Sensation and Perception (5–7%)
        Psychophysics, Signal Detection
        Perceptual Organization
        Vestibular and Kinesthetic Senses
        Theories, Applications and Issues
    Physiological/Behavioral Neuroscience (12–14%)
        Sensory Structures and Processes
        Motor Structures and Functions
        Central Structures and Processes
        Motivation, Arousal, Emotion
        Cognitive Neuroscience
        Neuromodulators and Drugs
        Hormonal Factors
        Comparative and Ethology
        States of Consciousness
        Theories, Applications and Issues

II. COGNITIVE (17–24%)

    Learning (3–5%)
        Classical Conditioning
        Instrumental Conditioning
        Observational Learning, Modeling
        Theories, Applications and Issues
    Language (3–4%)
        Units (phonemes, morphemes, phrases)
        Speech Perception and Processing
        Reading Processes
        Verbal and Nonverbal Communication
        Theories, Applications and Issues
    Memory (7–9%)
        Working Memory
        Long-term Memory
        Types of Memory
        Memory Systems and Processes
        Theories, Applications and Issues
    Thinking (4–6%)
        Representation (Categorization, Imagery, Schemas, Scripts)
        Problem Solving
        Judgment and Decision-Making Processes
        Planning, Metacognition
        Theories, Applications and Issues

III. SOCIAL (12–14%)

    Social Perception, Cognition, Attribution, Beliefs
    Attitudes and Behavior
    Social Comparison, Self
    Emotion, Affect, and Motivation
    Conformity, Influence, and Persuasion
    Interpersonal Attraction and Close Relationships
    Group and Intergroup Processes
    Cultural or Gender Influences
    Evolutionary Psychology, Altruism, and Aggression
    Theories, Applications and Issues


    Physical and Motor
    Perception and Cognition
    Learning, Intelligence
    Social, Personality
    Socialization, Family and Cultural
    Theories, Applications and Issues

V. CLINICAL (15–19%)

    Personality (3–5%)
        Personality and Behavior
        Applications and Issues
    Clinical and Abnormal (12–14%)
        Stress, Conflict, Coping
        Diagnostic Systems
        Causes and Development of Disorders
        Neurophysiological Factors
        Treatment of Disorders
        Health Psychology
        Cultural or Gender Issues
        Theories, Applications and Issues


        General (4–6%)
        Measurement and Methodology (11–13%)
            Psychometrics, Test Construction, Reliability, Validity
            Research Designs
            Statistical Procedures
            Scientific Method and the Evaluation of Evidence
            Ethics and Legal Issues
            Analysis and Interpretation of Findings

GRE Subject Test: Physics

What is the test pattern for GRE Physics

  • No. of Questions: 100 Five-Choice Questions
Syllabus and Test Pattern

    (such as kinematics, Newton's laws, work and energy, oscillatory motion, rotational motion about a fixed axis, dynamics of systems of particles, central forces and celestial mechanics, three-dimensional particle dynamics, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalism, noninertial reference frames, elementary topics in fluid dynamics)
    (such as electrostatics, currents and DC circuits, magnetic fields in free space, Lorentz force, induction, Maxwell's equations and their applications, electromagnetic waves, AC circuits, magnetic and electric fields in matter)
    (such as wave properties, superposition, interference, diffraction, geometrical optics, polarization, Doppler effect)
    (such as the laws of thermodynamics, thermodynamic processes, equations of state, ideal gases, kinetic theory, ensembles, statistical concepts and calculation of thermodynamic quantities, thermal expansion and heat transfer)
    (such as fundamental concepts, solutions of the Schrödinger equation (including square wells, harmonic oscillators, and hydrogenic atoms), spin, angular momentum, wave function symmetry, elementary perturbation theory)
    (such as properties of electrons, Bohr model, energy quantization, atomic structure, atomic spectra, selection rules, black-body radiation, x-rays, atoms in electric and magnetic fields)
    (such as introductory concepts, time dilation, length contraction, simultaneity, energy and momentum, four-vectors and Lorentz transformation, velocity addition)
    (such as data and error analysis, electronics, instrumentation, radiation detection, counting statistics, interaction of charged particles with matter, lasers and optical interferometers, dimensional analysis, fundamental applications of probability and statistics)
    Nuclear and Particle physics (e.g., nuclear properties, radioactive decay, fission and fusion, reactions, fundamental properties of elementary particles), Condensed Matter (e.g., crystal structure, x-ray diffraction, thermal properties, electron theory of metals, semiconductors, superconductors), Miscellaneous (e.g., astrophysics, mathematical methods, computer applications)

GRE Subject Test: Mathematics

What is the test pattern for GRE Mathematics
No. of Questions: 66
Syllabus and Test Pattern

Material learned in the usual sequence of elementary calculus courses — differential and integral calculus of one and of several variables — including calculus-based applications and connections with coordinate geometry, trigonometry, differential equations and other branches of mathematics.


    Elementary algebra: basic algebraic techniques and manipulations acquired in high school and used throughout mathematics
    Linear algebra: matrix algebra, systems of linear equations, vector spaces, linear transformations, characteristic polynomials, and eigenvalues and eigenvectors
    Abstract algebra and number theory: elementary topics from group theory, theory of rings and modules, field theory, and number theory


    Introductory real analysis: sequences and series of numbers and functions, continuity, differentiability and integrability, and elementary topology of R and R²
    Discrete mathematics: logic, set theory, combinatorics, graph theory, and algorithms
    Other topics: general topology, geometry, complex variables, probability and statistics, and numerical analysis

GRE Subject Test: Literature in English

What is test pattern for GRE English Literature
No. of Questions: 230
Syllabus and Question Paper Pattern
The approximate distribution of questions according to content categories is indicated by the following outline.

    Literary Analysis (40–55%)
    Interpretation of passages of prose and poetry. Such questions may involve recognition of conventions and genres, allusions and references, meaning and tone, grammatical structures and rhetorical strategies, and literary techniques.
    Identification (15–20%)
    Recognition of date, author or work by style and/or content (for literary theory identifications see IV below).
    Cultural and Historical Contexts (20–25%)
    Knowledge of literary, cultural and intellectual history as well as identification of author or work through a critical statement or biographical information. Also identification of details of character, plot or setting of a work.
    History and Theory of Literary Criticism (10–15%)
    Identification and analysis of the characteristics and methods of various critical and theoretical approaches.

The literary-historical scope of the test follows the distribution below.

1. Continental, Classical and Comparative Literature through 1925: 5–10%
2. British Literature to 1660 (including Milton): 25–30%
3. British Literature 1660–1925: 25–35%
4. American Literature through 1925: 15–25%
5. American, British and World Literatures after 1925: 20–30%

GRE Subject Test: Chemistry

What is the test pattern for GRE Chemistry

  • No. of Questions: 130
  • Type: Multiple Choice

Syllabus and Question Paper Pattern

    Data Acquisition and Use of Statistics — Errors, statistical considerations
    Solutions and Standardization — Concentration terms, primary standards
    Homogeneous Equilibria — Acid-base, oxidation-reduction, complexometry
    Heterogeneous Equilibria — Gravimetric analysis, solubility, precipitation titrations, chemical separations
    Instrumental Methods — Electrochemical methods, spectroscopic methods, chromatographic methods, thermal methods, calibration of instruments
    Environmental Applications
    Radiochemical Methods — Detectors, applications


    General Chemistry — Periodic trends, oxidation states, nuclear chemistry
    Ionic Substances — Lattice geometries, lattice energies, ionic radii and radius/ratio effects
    Covalent Molecular Substances — Lewis diagrams, molecular point groups, VSEPR concept, valence bond description and hybridization, molecular orbital description, bond energies, covalent and van der Waals radii of the elements, intermolecular forces
    Metals and Semiconductors — Structure, band theory, physical and chemical consequences of band theory
    Concepts of Acids and Bases — Brønsted-Lowry approaches, Lewis theory, solvent system approaches
    Chemistry of the Main Group Elements — Electronic structures, occurrences and recovery, physical and chemical properties of the elements and their compounds
    Chemistry of the Transition Elements — Electronic structures, occurrences and recovery, physical and chemical properties of the elements and their compounds, coordination chemistry
    Special Topics — Organometallic chemistry, catalysis, bioinorganic chemistry, applied solid-state chemistry, environmental chemistry


    Structure, Bonding and Nomenclature — Lewis structures, orbital hybridization, configuration and stereochemical notation, conformational analysis, systematic IUPAC nomenclature, spectroscopy (IR and 1H and 13C NMR)
    Functional Groups — Preparation, reactions, and interconversions of alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, dienes, alkyl halides, alcohols, ethers, epoxides, sulfides, thiols, aromatic compounds, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids and their derivatives, amines
    Reaction Mechanisms — Nucleophilic displacements and addition, nucleophilic aromatic substitution, electrophilic additions, electrophilic aromatic substitutions, eliminations, Diels-Alder and other cycloadditions
    Reactive Intermediates — Chemistry and nature of carbocations, carbanions, free radicals, carbenes, benzynes, enols
    Organometallics — Preparation and reactions of Grignard and organolithium reagents, lithium organocuprates, and other modern main group and transition metal reagents and catalysts
    Special Topics — Resonance, molecular orbital theory, catalysis, acid-base theory, carbon acidity, aromaticity, antiaromaticity, macromolecules, lipids, amino acids, peptides, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, terpenes, asymmetric synthesis, orbital symmetry, polymers


    Thermodynamics — First, second, and third laws, thermochemistry, ideal and real gases and solutions, Gibbs and Helmholtz energy, chemical potential, chemical equilibria, phase equilibria, colligative properties, statistical thermodynamics
    Quantum Chemistry and Applications to Spectroscopy — Classical experiments, principles of quantum mechanics, atomic and molecular structure, molecular spectroscopy
    Dynamics — Experimental and theoretical chemical kinetics, solution and liquid dynamics, photochemistry

GRE Subject Test: Biology

What is the test pattern for GRE Biology

No. of Questions 190
Each question contains 5 choices

Syllabus & Question Paper Pattern


Fundamentals of cellular biology, genetics and molecular biology are addressed. Major topics in cellular structure and function include prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, metabolic pathways and their regulation, membrane dynamics and cell surfaces, organelles, cytoskeleton, and cell cycle. Major areas in genetics and molecular biology include viruses, chromatin and chromosomal structure, genomic organization and maintenance, and the regulation of gene expression. The cellular basis of immunity and the mechanisms of antigen-antibody interactions are included. Attention is also given to experimental methodology.

    Cellular Structure and Function (16–17%)
        Biological compounds
            Macromolecular structure and bonding
            Abiotic origin of biological molecules
        Enzyme activity, receptor binding, and regulation
        Major metabolic pathways and regulation
            Respiration, fermentation, and photosynthesis
            Synthesis and degradation of macromolecules
            Hormonal control and intracellular messengers
        Membrane dynamics and cell surfaces
            Transport, endocytosis, and exocytosis
            Electrical potentials and transmitter substances
            Mechanisms of cell recognition, intercellular transport and communication
            Cell wall and extracellular matrix
        Organelles: structure, function, synthesis, and targeting
            Nucleus, mitochondria, and plastids
            Endoplasmic reticulum and ribosomes
            Golgi apparatus and secretory vesicles
            Lysosomes, peroxisomes, and vacuoles
        Cytoskeleton: motility and shape
            Actin-based systems
            Microtubule-based systems
            Intermediate filaments
            Bacterial flagella and movement
        Cell cycle: growth, division, and regulation (including signal transduction)
            Microscopy (e.g., electron, light, fluorescence)
            Separation (e.g., centrifugation, gel filtration, PAGE, fluorescence-activated cell sorting [FACS])
            Immunological (e.g., Western Blotting, immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence)
    Genetics and Molecular Biology (16–17%)
        Genetic foundations
            Mendelian inheritance
            Pedigree analysis
            Prokaryotic genetics (transformation, transduction and conjugation)
            Genetic mapping
        Chromatin and chromosomes
            Chromosomal aberrations
            Polytene chromosomes
        Genome sequence organization
            Introns and exons
            Single-copy and repetitive DNA
            Transposable elements
        Genome maintenance
            DNA replication
            DNA mutation and repair
        Gene expression and regulation in prokaryotes and eukaryotes: mechanisms
            The operon
            Promoters and enhancers
            Transcription factors
            RNA and protein synthesis
            Processing and modifications of both RNA and protein
        Gene expression and regulation: effects
            Control of normal development
            Cancer and oncogenes
            Whole genome expression (e.g., microarrays)
            Regulation of gene expression by RNAi (e.g., siRNA)
            Cellular basis of immunity
            Antibody diversity and synthesis
            Antigen-antibody interactions
        Bacteriophages, animal viruses, and plant viruses
            Viral genomes, replication, and assembly
            Virus-host cell interactions
        Recombinant DNA methodology
            Restriction endonucleases
            Blotting and hybridization
            Restriction fragment length polymorphisms
            DNA cloning, sequencing, and analysis
            Polymerase chain reaction


The structure, physiology, behavior and development of organisms are addressed. Topics covered include nutrient procurement and processing, gas exchange, internal transport, regulation of fluids, control mechanisms and effectors, and reproduction in autotrophic and heterotrophic organisms. Examples of developmental phenomena range from fertilization through differentiation and morphogenesis. Responses to environmental stimuli are examined as they pertain to organisms. Major distinguishing characteristics and phylogenetic relationships of organisms are also covered.

    Animal Structure, Function and Organization (10%)
        Exchange with environment
            Nutrient, salt, and water exchange
            Gas exchange
        Internal transport and exchange
            Circulatory, respiratory, excretory, and digestive systems
        Support and movement
            Support systems (external, internal, and hydrostatic)
            Movement systems (flagellar, ciliary, and muscular)
        Integration and control mechanisms
            Nervous and endocrine systems
        Behavior (communication, orientation, learning, and instinct)
        Metabolic rates (temperature, body size, and activity)
    Animal Reproduction and Development (6%)
        Reproductive structures
        Meiosis, gametogenesis, and fertilization
        Early development (e.g., polarity, cleavage, and gastrulation)
        Developmental processes (e.g., induction, determination, differentiation, morphogenesis, and metamorphosis)
        External control mechanisms (e.g., photoperiod)
    Plant Structure, Function, and Organization, with Emphasis on Flowering Plants (7%)
        Organs, tissue systems, and tissues
        Water transport, including absorption and transpiration
        Phloem transport and storage
        Mineral nutrition
        Plant energetics (e.g., respiration and photosynthesis)
    Plant Reproduction, Growth, and Development, with Emphasis on Flowering Plants (5%)
        Reproductive structures
        Meiosis and sporogenesis
        Gametogenesis and fertilization
        Embryogeny and seed development
        Meristems, growth, morphogenesis, and differentiation
        Control mechanisms (e.g., hormones, photoperiod, and tropisms)
    Diversity of Life (6%)
            Morphology, physiology, and identification
            Morphology, physiology, pathology, and identification
            Protozoa, other heterotrophic Protista (slime molds and Oomycota), and autotrophic Protista
            Major distinguishing characteristics
            Phylogenetic relationships
            Importance (e.g., eutrophication, disease)
            Distinctive features of major phyla (vegetative, asexual and sexual reproduction)
            Generalized life cycles
            Importance (e.g., decomposition, biodegradation, antibiotics, and pathogenicity)
        Animalia with emphasis on major phyla
            Major distinguishing characteristics
            Phylogenetic relationships
        Plantae with emphasis on major phyla
            Alternation of generations
            Major distinguishing characteristics
            Phylogenetic relationships


The interactions of organisms and their environment, emphasizing biological principles at levels above the individual are addressed. Ecological topics range from physiological adaptations to the functioning of ecosystems. Although principles are emphasized, some questions may consider applications to current environmental problems. Topics in evolution range from genetic foundations through evolutionary processes and to their consequences. Evolution is considered at the molecular, individual, population and higher levels. Some quantitative skills, including the interpretation of simple mathematical models, may be required.

    Ecology (16–17%)
        Environment/organism interaction
            Biogeographic patterns
            Physiological ecology
            Temporal patterns (e.g., seasonal fluctuations)
        Behavioral ecology
            Habitat selection
            Mating systems
            Social systems
            Resource acquisition
        Population ecology
            Population dynamics/regulation
            Demography and life history strategies
        Community ecology
            Direct and indirect interspecific interactions
            Community structure and diversity
            Change and succession
            Productivity and energy flow
            Chemical cycling
    Evolution (16–17%)
        Genetic variability
            Origins (mutations, linkage, recombination, and chromosomal alterations)
            Levels (e.g., polymorphism and heritability)
            Spatial patterns (e.g., clines and ecotypes)
            Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium
        Macroevolutionary and microevolutionary processes
            Gene flow and genetic drift
            Natural selection and its dynamics
            Levels of selection (e.g., individual and group)
            Trade-offs and genetic correlations
            Natural selection and genome evolution
            Synonymous vs. nonsynonymous nucleotide ratios
        Evolutionary consequences
            Fitness and adaptation
            Systematics and phylogeny
            Convergence, divergence, and extinction
        History of life
            Origin of life
            Fossil record
            Paleontology and paleoecology
            Lateral transfer of genetic sequences