Let's Know About Cyprus As A Nation
Cyprus officially known as Republic of Cyprus is a country in the island of Eurasia. The geographic position of Cyprus in the world map is in the east of Mediterranean Sea and South of Turkey (Anatolia). It is the third largest island nation in the Mediterranean and one of the most popular tourist destinations. Approximately 2.4 million foreign tourists visit Cyprus every year.
Before 1960 Cyprus was a British colony. On August 16, 1960 Cyprus became free from British rule and transformed into a Commonwealth republic in 1961. The Republic of Cyprus is a developed nation and a member country of European Union since May 1, 2004.
The major cities in Cyprus are Nicosia (Capital of Cyprus), Limassol, Larnaca, Paphos, Famagusta, and Kyrenia.
According to Census carried out in 2006, the population of Cyprus composed of 77% Greek Cypriots, 18% Turkish Cypriots and 5% others. Greek is spoken mainly in the south and Turkish in the north. The Maronite community of Cyprus mainly speaks Arbic. English is widely understood and taught in educational settings.
The climate in Cyprus is Mediterranean and temperate. Summers are normally dry. Winters are colder at higher elevations like Troodos Mountains, and mild at low-lying regions. Snowfall in Troodos Mountains provides good seasonal ski facility to visiting tourists. Dust storms are very common in Cyprus irrespective of the season.
Approximately, 17% Cyprus is considered as woodland. The vegetation in Cyprus includes forests of hardwood, evergreen and broadleaved trees such as Pinus latepensis, cedar, cypresses and oak. Tall shrub communities of arbutus and rachne, Pistacia terebinthus, Olea europea, Quercus coccifera and Styrax officinalis are found in abundance.
When Cyprus gained freedom from United Kingdom in 1960, the rights of Greece and Turkey were limited to interfere in country’s international matters. Turkey invaded Cyprus in 1974. Further Cyprus has been divided into two parts- Greek-Cypriot took control two third of Cyprus land and Turkish one third of the north. Turkey aside, all countries including United Nations respects the sovereignty of Cyprus. The Turkish controlled territory of the north is termed as Occupied Area. The United Kingdom retained right to lease two extensive areas on the southern coast of the island, around Akrotiri and Dhekelia, for military purposes.
The economy of Cyprus largely dominated by Cyprus Government and Northern Turkish Cypriot administered area. The Greek Cypriot is affluent but vulnerable to external shocks, like economic scenario in Western Europe, tourist arrival and political conditions. Economic policy in the south is focused on meeting the criteria for admission to the European Union.
In the past 20 years, the economy of Cyprus has shifted from agriculture to light manufacturing and services. Tourism sector employs 62% of the labor force and accounts for 70% to the GDP. Industry and construction employs 25% of labor force and accounts for 24% to the GDP. Agriculture employs 12% of labor force and makes 6% of GDP. Manufactured goods account for approximately 69% of domestic exports. The principle export crops of Cyprus are Citrus and Potatoes.
Cyprus government has been eliminating import quotas and licenses and lowering tariffs on most products as a result of its obligations under the new world trade agreement and its Customs Union agreement with the European Union.
Visa Requirements to Study in Cyprus
Are you accepted in a Cypriot College, University or Institution to study a Full Time course? Next comes in your priority to apply for a Study Visa to Cyprus.
Students from Non EU Member Countries require to attend personal interviews conducted at the Embassies of Cyprus in their home country. Following documents are required during Visa Interview at Cypriot Embassy.
- Original Academic Certificates (translated in English if required).
- Original Police Clearance Certificate.
- Original Bank Certificate stating that the student’s parents or sponsors have the financial means to cover his/ her expenses for the duration of his/ her studies in Cyprus.
- Letter of acceptance from the college.
For more details refer to the official website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Cyprus