The Federal Republic of Germany is a country in Western Central Europe. The country is bordered by Denmark and North Sea and Baltic Sea to the north, Austria and Switzerland to the south, Poland and Czech Republic to the east. France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands are to the west of Germany. Germany is often referred as das Land der Dichter und Denker (the land of poets and thinkers).
Germany is the second largest nation in terms of population in Europe (after European Russia) and is seventh largest in terms of area. The political administration of Germany is divided into 16 states. The capital of Germany is Berlin. Germany is a member of European Union. Its’ also a member state of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G4 nations and ranks fourth worldwide in defense spending.
The Federal Republic of Germany is one of the most populous European Nations despite low fertility rate, 1.39 children per mother. The most populous states in Germany are Berlin, Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Frankfurt and Stuttgart. The people of Germany mainly follow Christianity; Roman Catholics living in west and south made 31.4% of German population and Protestants living in east and north 34%.
Most German Protestants are members of the Evangelical Church in Germany. Congregational and independent churches are found in good numbers in both large and small towns. Before World War II, about two-thirds of the German population was Protestant and one-third was Roman Catholic. Now-a-days, there are major differences in the religious belief of East Germany and West Germany. German culture started long before the rise of Germany as a nation-state and spanned in the whole German-speaking world.
The climate in Germany is cool and temperate moderated by north Atlantic drift in which humid western winds prevail. The warmer water affects the areas surrounding the North Sea including the Peninsula of Juteland and the Area along the Rhine, which flows into the North Sea. Climate in the north and northwest is ocean dominated, rainfall occurs whole year with maximum in summers. In the east, the climate is more continental; winters can be very cold, summers can be very warm, and long dry periods are often recorded. Central and southern Germany is transition regions; in these regions climate varies from moderately oceanic to continental.
The government in Germany is federal, parliamentary, representative, democratic republic. The Chancellor of Germany is Head of the Government and exercise executive power. The German head of state is the President of Germany. Germany has played key role in functionalities of European Union since its inception and had established sober relationships with France right after the finish of World War-II. Germany and the United States have been close allies since the end of World War II. The Judiciary system of Germany is independent of the executive and the legislative branches.
Germany has the third largest economy in the world and ranked fifth in the world in terms of Purchasing Power Parity (PPP). Germany exports goods in automobiles, machinery, metals and chemicals. Germany is first in the world in producing electric power from wind energy, its’ also the main exporter of wind turbines. The central position of Germany in Europe makes it a transportation hub. This can be seen in its dense and modern transportation networks. Probably the most famous is Autobahn which ranks third largest in the world in length and features lack of blanket speed limits on the majority of routes.
Soccer is the most popular sport in Germany, its’ also the national sport of Germany. The German Football Association (Deutscher Fussballbund), with more than 6.3 million members, is the largest sports organization of its kind worldwide. Germany has been one of the strongest competitors in the Olympic games. In the 2004 Summer Olympics, Germany finished sixth in the medal count, and in the 2006 Winter Olympics first. Other popular sports include handball, volleyball, basketball, and ice hockey.
Visa Requirements To Study In Germany
International Students require to apply for a Visa to study in Germany. The common minimum requirements to apply for a Germanyn student visa are:
- Accepted by a college / university in Germany to pursue a Full Time Course.
- Possess required eligibility certificates to take admission in one such.
- Hold a valid Passport for the intended period of stay.
- Proof of income or sufficient means to support studies in Germany
- Health Certificate issued by a competent hospital from the home country.
- Candididates holding above documents may apply for Visa with nearest Foreign Mission Office of Germany in the home country.
Germany also welcomes candidates for part time sudies, log term studies like research programs and training programs etc. For detailed visa requirements for different level of studies you are advised to check with Official Website of Germany Government.
List of Universities in Germany
Germany @ A Glance
Official Name: Federal Republic of Germany
National Anthem: Das Lied der Deutschen (third stanza)
also called Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit
Largest City: Berlin
Official Languages: German
Government: Parliamentary Federal Republic
- Eastern Francia 843
- Holy Roman Empire 962
- German Confederation 8 June 1815
- German Empire 18 January 1871
- Federal Republic 23 May 1949
- Reunification 3 October 1990
Accession to European Union: 25 March 1957
Total Area: 137 858 sq mi
Population: 82 314 900 (According to 2006 estimates)
Currency: Euro (€) (EUR)
Time Zone: CET (UTC+1)
Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Internet TLD: .de
Calling Code: +49