The Hellenic Republic popular as Greece is a country in southern end of Balkan Penninsula. Situated in the juncture of Asia, Africa and Europe, Greece is bordered by Albania, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north and Turkey to the east. The Ionian Sea lies to the west of Greece; the Aegean Sea lies to the east and south of mainland Greece. Both, parts of the eastern Mediterranean basin, feature a vast number of islands. Greece is regarded as origin point of western civilization and western philosophy. Major scientific ideas and literature have originated from Greece in the past. Greece has deep cultural and historical roots. Nowadays, Greece is one of the developed nations. It has membership of NATO since 1951, the OECD since 1960, the European Union since 1981, the WEU since 1995 and the ESA since 2005. The Capital of Greece is Athens, which is also regarded as largest city. Other largest cities in Greece are Thessaloniki, Patras, Heraklion, Volos and Larissa.
The Ottoman Empire started taking control over Greece right after the beginning of 15th century. The people of Greece fight war upto 8 years for freedom of Greece. Greece became free from Ottoman Empire in 1830 and thus became the first nation in the empire to do so. That’s why Greece is also regarded as the originator of Freedom / Independence. Greece multiplied its area upto three folds between 1880 and 1920 gaining mainland territory and islands from the Ottomans, Britain, and Bulgaria. During World War – II, (between 1939 to 1945), Greece was occupied by German forces. The Greek communist rebellions waged war against right wing government from 1946 to 1949. In 1967 a group of middle-ranking military officers took control of Greece. The military regime was overthrown in 1974, and the people of Greece voted in favor of a republic. Thus Greek Monarchy came to an end.
Greece is a parliamentary republic. The constitution of Greece makes the President the supreme authority. The president of Greece is elected by parliament for a five years term. The government structure in Greece is somewhat midway between the German and the French governments. Government exercises executive power, the prime minister is head of the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Parliament. The Greece administration is divided into 13 peripheries, which again subdivided into 54 prefectures. Mount Athos in Macedonia Periphery is an autonomous area.
Greece is a country of mountains and hills. It’s regarded as one of the most mountainous regions in Europe. Lakes and wetlands dominate Western Greece. The Pindus mountain range makes the part of western Greece. The deep Greek forests are home of endangered species like brown bear, the lynx, the Roe Deer and the Wild Goat Rare marine species such as the Pinniped Seals and the Loggerhead Sea Turtle live in the seas surrounding mainland Greece. The climatic conditions in Greece vary with regions. The central and southern Greece offers Mediterranean climate with dry, hot summers and mild, wet winters. Winters in northern part are comparatively colder. There is also considerable regional variation in annual rainfall, with areas to the west of the Pindus Mountains receiving far more rain than those to the east. Snow is common in the mountains. The average January temperature in Athens is 10°C the July average is 28°C.
Until the mid of 20th century Greece main economic resources were agriculture and agriculture based products like tobacco and dried fruits. Income was also generated from shipments. Following World War II, the industrialization in Greece started. By 1970 the contribution of manufacturing to the economy surpassed agriculture for the first time. Greece also became a major tourist destination, which benefited its economy manifold. Now the country is engaged in free trade with European partners.
Visa Requirements To Study In Greece
International Students require to apply for a Visa to study in Greece. The common minimum requirements to apply for a Greecen student visa are:
- Accepted by a college / university in Greece to pursue a Full Time Course.
- Possess required eligibility certificates to take admission in one such.
- Hold a valid Passport for the intended period of stay.
- Proof of income or sufficient means to support studies in Greece
- Health Certificate issued by a competent hospital from the home country.
- Candididates holding above documents may apply for Visa with nearest Foreign Mission Office of Greece in the home country.
Greece also welcomes candidates for part time sudies, log term studies like research programs and training programs etc. For detailed visa requirements for different level of studies you are advised to check with Official Website of Greece Government.
List of Universities in Greece
Greece @ A Glance
Official Name: Hellenic Republic
National Anthem: Hymn to Freedom
Largest City: Athens
Official Languages: Greek
Government: Parliamentary Republic
Official Languages: Greek
- First known Greek civilizations : c.3000 BC
- Last previously independent state : 1461
- Independence from the Ottoman Empire : 25 March 1821
- Recognized 1832, with the Treaty of Constantinople
Accession to the European Union: January 1, 1981
Total Area: 50 944 sq mi
Population: 11 170 957 (According to 2007 estimates)
Currency: Euro (€) (EUR)
Time Zone: EET (UTC+2)
- Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Internet TLD: .gr
Calling Code: +30