Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. The country is bordered by Russia to the east, Belarus to the north, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west, Romania and Moldova to the southwest, and the black and the Sea of Azov to the south. Kiev is the Capital of Ukraine; Kiev also has historical importance.
The Ukraine can be divided into two climatic zones - moderate latitudes and sub-tropical on Southern coast of Crimea present climate of Ukraine. Mountainous regions have special climate conditions because of height above sea level. The climate in most part of the Ukraine is temperate continental type. On southern part of the Crimean peninsula a subtropical Mediterranean climate prevails. The average monthly temperature in winter ranges from -8° to 2° C (17.6° to 35.6° F), while summer temperatures average 17° to 25° C (62.6° to 77° F). The Ukraine contains worlds’ 5% under earth resources.
The country possesses more than 80 different types of minerals. The Donetsk Basin contains huge reserves of high-quality coal and the nearby iron-ore deposits of Kryvy Rih are equally rich. Other Ukraine's mineral resources include manganese, mercury, titanium, chromium, nickel, bauxite, uranium, phosphate, sulfur and peat.
The Flora and Fauna in Ukraine is rich. Natural and semi vegetation covers about 29% of the Ukrainian territory and represented by 29% of Ukraine's territory and is represented mostly by forests (14.3%), meadows (9.7%), mires (2%), steppes and saline habitats (3%). Almost one quarter of the species of Ukrainian flora are concentrated in forests. Different useful and plants varieties include medicinal (more than 1000 species), vitamin-producing (200), oil-producing (300), melliferous (more than 1000), tannin- and natural dye-producing (up to 100 species) plants.
More than 45 thousand species of animals are found in Ukraine. The vertebrates include fish (together with subspecies they number about 170 species), amphibians (17 species), reptiles (21 species), birds (about 400 species), and mammals (about 108 species). The remaining species are invertebrates (including 35,000 species of insects). Few species of animals are endemic and sub endemic. The Sea of Azov and estuary cenoses includes 32 animal species of pontocaspian complex.
According to Survey conducted by SOCIS Research Center in 2001, more than 40% people living in Ukraine claimed to be atheist. Of those that are religiously active, most (about 90%) are members of the Orthodox Church, which is divided into three denominations: the Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate), the Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Kiev Patriarchate), and the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church. Mainly the Tatar population of the autonomous republic of the Crimea practices Islam.
On the basis of ethnicity there lives about 73% Ukrainian and 22% Russian. Jews account for 1% of the populace, and various other ethnic groups comprise the remaining 4%. Ukrainian is the language of communication in Ukraine; Russian is also used; besides Hungarian and Polynesian are also spoken widely.
The government system in Ukraine is parliamentary presidency. The president is head of the state. The government consists of executive, judicial and legislative branches. On January 28, 1996, Ukraine has accepted a new constitution. The constitution provides for a pluralistic political system with protection of basic human rights and liberties. In 2006 constitutional amendments were made and the revamped constitution bestows more power on Prime Minister and Supreme Rada, and made the President a bit free from responsibilities. The constitution of Ukraine guarantees freedom of religion.
The soil of Ukraine is rich for farming, under earth resources are plentiful and education system is good, this makes Ukraine a nation of great potential, which may offer to the world a lot. Though Ukraine has suffered from economic decline from 1990 onwards for eight years but the economy has taken an upturn in the year 2000 when growth was registered 7.4% per year. Subsequently the economic growth for the year 2004 was 12.1 % and for 2006, 7%. Ukraine is rich in under earth resources. The country has a huge ferrous metal industry for producing, cast iron, steel and steel pipe. Chemical industry produces coke, mineral fertilizers and sulfuric acid. Manufactured goods include airplanes, turbines, metallurgical equipment, diesel locomotives, and tractors.
Ukraine is also a major producer of grain, sunflower seeds, and sugar and has a broad industrial base, including much of the former U.S.S.R.'s space and rocket industry. Onshore and Offshore petroleum reserves are less in quantity. Ukraine is one of the world's leading energy transit countries, providing transportation of Russian and Caspian oil and gas across its territory. Ukraine promotes foreign trade and investment. In 1992, Ukraine became a member of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.
Visa Requirements to Study in UkraineInternational Students require to apply for a Visa to study in Ukraine. The common minimum requirements to apply for a Ukrainian student visa are:
- Accepted by a college / university in Ukraine to pursue a Full Time Course.
- Possess required eligibility certificates to take admission in one such.
- Hold a valid Passport for the intended period of stay.
- Proof of income or sufficient means to support studies in Ukraine
- Health Certificate issued by a competent hospital from the home country.
- Candidates holding above documents may apply for Visa with nearest Foreign Mission Office of Ukraine in the home country.
Ukraine also welcomes candidates for part time studies, log term studies like research programs and training programs etc. For detailed visa requirements for different level of studies you are advised to check with Official Website of Ukraine Government.
List of Universities in Ukraine
Ukraine @ A Glance
- Capital: Kiev
- Dialing code: +380
- ISO code: UKR
- Currency: Ukrainian hryvnia
- Official language: Ukrainian