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13. American Revolution 1775 – 83 in Chronology

The American Revolution (1775-83) is also known as the American Revolutionary War and the U.S. War of Independence. The conflict arose from growing tensions between residents of Great Britain's 13 North American colonies and the colonial government, which represented the British crown. Skirmishes between British troops and colonial militiamen in Lexington and Concord in April 1775 kicked off the armed conflict, and by the following summer, the rebels were waging a full-scale war for their independence.
Following given events of American Independence War in

19 April     Battles of Lexington and Concord
First engagements of the Revolutionary War between British troops and the Minutemen, who had been warned of the attack by Paul Revere.
16 June    Continental Congress appoints George Washington commander-in-chief of Continental Army; issued $2 million bills of credit to fund the army.
17 June    Battle of Bunker Hill
The first major battle of the War of Independence. Sir William Howe dislodged William Prescott's forces overlooking Boston at a cost of 1054 British casualties to the Americans' 367.
5 July     Olive-Brach Petition
Congress endorses a proposal asking for recognition of American rights, the ending of the Intolerable Acts in exchange for a cease fire. George III rejected the proposal and on 23 August 1773 declared the colonies to be in open rebellion.
9 January     Thomas Paine's Common Sense published anonymously in Philadelphia
2 May     France provides covert aid to the Americans
4 July     Continental Congress issues the Declaration of Independence
Winter     Invasion of Canada by Benedict Arnold
August - December     Battles of Long Island and White Plains
British forces occupy New York after American defeats.
26 December     Battle of Trenton, New Jersey, providing a boast to American morale.
2-3 January    Battle of Princeton, New Jersey.
General Washington broke camp at Trenton to avoid a British advance, attacking the British rearguard and train near Princeton and then withdrawing to Morristown.
13 October    British surrender of 5,700 troops at Saratoga.
Lacking supplies, 5,700 British, German and loyalist forces under Major General John Burgoyne surrender to Major General Horatio Gates in a turning point in the Revolutionary War.
6 February    France recognizes US Independence.
16 August     US Defeat at battle of Camden
1 March     Ratification of the Articles of Confederation
5 September     Battle of the Capes, denying British reinforcements or evacuation.
18 October     Surrender of British forces under Cornwallis at Yorktown.
5 March     British Government authorizes peace negotiations.
3 September     Treaty of Paris, formally ending the Revolutionary War

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