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24. Militarism in Japan

•    During the 20 years after Mussolini’s March on Rome 1922, many other countries faced with severe economic problems, followed the examples of Italy and Germany and turned to fascism or Right-Wing nationalism.

•    In Japan, the democratically elected government, increasingly embarrassed by economic, financial and political problems, fell under the influences of the army in 1930s.
•    The military soon involved Japan in war with China, and later took the country into the Second World War with the attack on Pearl Harbor 1941.
•    After a brilliant start, the Japanese eventually suffered defeat and devastation when the two atomic bombs ‘Little Boy’ and ‘Fat Man’ were dropped in Japan’s Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
•    After the Second World War, Japan returned to democracy and made a remarkable recovery, soon becoming one of the world’s most powerful states economically.

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