- Executive powers related to administration, appointments and removals,
- Legislative powers related to lawmaking and the state legislature, that is Vidhan Sabha or Vidhan Parishad,
- Discretionary powers to be carried out according to the discretion of the Governor.
Qualifications of the Governor of State
- He must be the citizen of India.
- He must passed the age of 35 years.
- He must not be the member of the either house of the parliament or house of the state legislature.
- He cannot hold any other office.
Powers of the Governor of the State
Executive Powers of the Governor
- Appoints Chief Minister,
- Council of Ministers,
- Chairman & members of State Public Service Commission,
- Advocate General of the State and Election Commissioner of the State.
Legislative Powers of the Governor
- Summons, Prorogues & dissolves the State Legislature.
- Addresses the first session of State Legislature after election and at the beginning of each new session.
- Sends messages to State Legislature on bills pending before it.
- Appoints l/6th members of Legislative Council.
- Nominates one member from the Anglo-Indian community (if not proper representation).
- Makes laws through ordinances.
- Gives assent to the Bills so that they become laws.
- The Governor has three alternatives before him with respect to the Bills :
- He can give his assent to the Bill;
- He can return it, if it is not a Money Bill, for reconsideration suggesting alternations. But such Bills when passed again have to be given assent;
- He may reserve the Bill for the assent of the President.
Financial Powers of the Governor
- Ensures that the budget is laid. All money bills can be introduced on his recommendation only.
Judicial Powers of the Governor
- President consults Governor while appointing Chief Justice and other judges of High Court.
- Appoints judges of courts below the High Court can grant pardon reprieve or remission of punishment for offense against State laws.General Studies Question Bank CD
- But he cannot grant pardon in cases of death sentences.
Emergency Powers of the Governor
- Reports to the President if the State Government is not running constitutionally and recommends the President’s Rule (Article 356).
- When the President’s Rule is in progress, he becomes the Agent of the Union Government in the State’.
- He takes over the reigns of administration directly into his own hands and runs the State with the aid of the Civil Servants.
- Receives & tables the report of State Auditor General.
- Tables the report of State Public Service Commission.
- Acts as Chancellor of State Universities & appoints Vice – chancellor.
- Can appoint any members as Chief Minister if no party has clear – cut majority.
- Can refuse to sign an ordinary bill passed by State Legislature.