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Powers and Functions of Governor of State

The Governor enjoys many different types of powers:

  • Executive powers related to administration, appointments and removals,
  • Legislative powers related to lawmaking and the state legislature, that is Vidhan Sabha or Vidhan Parishad,
  • Discretionary powers to be carried out according to the discretion of the Governor.

Qualifications of the Governor of State

  • He must be the citizen of India.
  • He must passed the age of 35 years.
  • He must not be the member of the either house of the parliament or house of the state legislature.
  • He cannot hold any other office.

Powers of the Governor of the State

Executive Powers of the Governor
  • Appoints Chief Minister,
  • Council of Ministers,
  • Chairman & members of State Public Service Commission,
  • Advocate General of the State and Election Commissioner of the State.

Legislative Powers of the Governor
  • Summons, Prorogues & dissolves the State Legislature.
  • Addresses the first session of State Legislature after election and at the beginning of each new session.
  • Sends messages to State Legislature on bills pending before it.
  • Appoints l/6th members of Legislative Council.
  • Nominates one member from the Anglo-Indian community (if not proper representation).
  • Makes laws through ordinances.
  • Gives assent to the Bills so that they become laws.
  • The Governor has three alternatives before him with respect to the Bills :
  • He can give his assent to the Bill;
  • He can return it, if it is not a Money Bill, for reconsideration suggesting alternations. But such Bills when passed again have to be given assent;
  • He may reserve the Bill for the assent of the President.

Financial Powers of the Governor
  • Ensures that the budget is laid. All money bills can be introduced on his recommendation only.

Judicial Powers of the Governor
  • President consults Governor while appointing Chief Justice and other judges of High Court.
  • Appoints judges of courts below the High Court can grant pardon reprieve or remission of punishment for offense against State laws.General Studies Question Bank CD
  • But he cannot grant pardon in cases of death sentences.

Emergency Powers of the Governor
  • Reports to the President if the State Government is not running constitutionally and recommends the President’s Rule (Article 356).
  • When the President’s Rule is in progress, he becomes the Agent of the Union Government in the State’.
  • He takes over the reigns of administration directly into his own hands and runs the State with the aid of the Civil Servants.
Other Powers
  • Receives & tables the report of State Auditor General.
  • Tables the report of State Public Service Commission.
  • Acts as Chancellor of State Universities & appoints Vice – chancellor.
  • Can appoint any members as Chief Minister if no party has clear – cut majority.
  • Can refuse to sign an ordinary bill passed by State Legislature.


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