The Republic of Hungary is a country in Carpathian Basin of Central Europe. The country is bordered by Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, and Slovenia. Budapest is the Capital. Hungary is a member of European Union since May 1, 2004. During 9th century Magyars, the nomadic tribe from Asia conquered the territory of Hungary. These people basically conquered the land between the Danube and Tisza River. These people became politically unified at the beginning of 11th century and converted to Western Christianity. The first king Stephen I of Árpád dynasty was crowned in 1000 or 1001. Stephen I was declared a saint in 1083. Foreign rulers took control of Hungary in 14th century. In the 14th and 15th century a series of European dynasties ruled Hungary.
Hungary was part of Ottoman Empire in the 16th and 17th centuries. Hapsburg family of Austria ruled a strip in the west. By the end of 17th century, Habsburg had taken control of almost all Hungary. The Hungarian people revolted against the Habsburg rule but the revolt was crushed. In 1867, a negotiation was made with the Habsburg, which led to the formation of Dual Monarchy, called Austria – Hungary. The Austro-Hungarian Empire was dissolved after World War I and Hungary became fully independent.
Post World War II as Communist government took power and the Hungary joined the Soviet Bloc countries that were subservient to the USSR. A non-Communist government took office following elections in 1990. The shape of Hungary is Oval with a maximum distance about 310 mi from east to west and 195 mi from north to south.
Hungary is rich in under earth resources. The principal natural resources are bauxite, coal and natural gas. Hard coal and petroleum is also found in abundance. Mountains of northern region contain mineral deposits in good quantity. The Great Hungarian plains are highly fertile, though inferior to the black earth in the southeastern and southern plain extending into Romania, Serbia, and Croatia. Soils in the northern highland river basins are generally fertile, but in much of Hungary the soil is either of a loose type, called loess, or sandy.
There is scarcity of water in northern Hungary between July and October. Canals are irrigation of source for Great Hungarian plain; these plains are prone to drought. The country’s land is flat, which is why only limited water resources can be harnessed for hydroelectric power.
The climate in Hungary is usually dry; temperature varies largely throughout the year. During winters temperature stays below zero degree Celsius for long. Summers are hot and usually carry drought and storms. Rain occurs mainly in early summers. Most rain falls along Hungary’s western frontier. Weather in spring is usually unpredictable. The average daily temperature range in Budapest is -4° to 1°C in January, and 16° to 28°C in July. Budapest receives an average of about 610 mm of precipitation each year.
Approximately 21% terrain in Hungary is covered with forests with trees like oak, lime, beech, and others in the Transdanubian lands and mountains. Hare, fox, deer, and boar are lives in large numbers. Duck, heron, crane, and stork are native to the country. Hungarian Plain is a resting spot for many migrating species.
The Government in Hungary is Parliamentary Republic. The President of Hungary is Head of the State. The National Assembly elects the President through vote for a five-year term. The president can be elected for second term but he / she cannot be elected for the third term. The national assembly also elects the prime minister and the council of ministers. The prime minister is head of the government. Hungary’s highest court is the Supreme Court, located in Budapest. It functions mainly as a final court of appeals. All judicial positions are by election.
The administration of Hungary is divided into 19 counties and the Capital city of Budapest, which has the county status. All levels of local government are regarded as equal and independent. Hungary is a member of the United Nations (UN), the Council of Europe, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and the Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA). Hungary joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 1999 and the European Union in 2004.
Hungary’s main agricultural products are corn, wheat, sugar beets, barley, potatoes, and sunflower seeds. In addition, grapes for wine are grown in vineyards throughout Hungary. Hungary’s Tokaj region is well known for production of best wines, the industry has grown manifold since the fall of communist regime. Hungary’s Livestock includes cattle, pigs, sheep, horses, and poultry, and important livestock products included milk, meat, butter, eggs, and wool.
The tourist activities have grown enormously after the fall of Communism. Hungary’s Capital Budapest is most popular among tourists. Lake Balaton is a popular vacation spot for boating, fishing, and swimming; Hungary’s cities contain numerous historical and cultural attractions; and Budapest holds an annual spring festival of music and drama.
Hungry export goods to Germany, Austria, Italy, France, and the United Kingdom. The country’s chief exports include machinery and transport equipment, consumer goods, food and agricultural products, chemicals, apparel, and textiles. The leading imports include machinery and transport equipment, crude petroleum, chemicals, metal ores, consumer goods, and agricultural products.
Visa Requirements To Study In Hungary
International Students require to apply for a Visa to study in Hungary. The common minimum requirements to apply for a Hungaryn student visa are:
- Accepted by a college / university in Hungary to pursue a Full Time Course.
- Possess required eligibility certificates to take admission in one such.
- Hold a valid Passport for the intended period of stay.
- Proof of income or sufficient means to support studies in Hungary
- Health Certificate issued by a competent hospital from the home country.
- Candididates holding above documents may apply for Visa with nearest Foreign Mission Office of Hungary in the home country.
Hungary also welcomes candidates for part time sudies, log term studies like research programs and training programs etc. For detailed visa requirements for different level of studies you are advised to check with Official Website of Hungary Government.
List of Universities in Hungary
Hungary @ A Glance
Official Name: Republic of Hungary
National Anthem: Himnusz ("Isten, áldd meg a magyart")
"Hymn" ("God, bless the Hungarians")
Largest City: Budapest
Official Languages: Hungarian (Magyar)
Government: Parliamentary Republic
Kingdom of Hungary December 1000
Accession to the European Union: May 1, 2004
Total Area: 35 919 sq mi
Population: 10 064 000 (According to 2007 estimates)
Currency: Forint (HUF)
Time Zone: CET (UTC+1)
Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Internet TLD: .hu
Calling Code: +36