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UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Psychology Paper-I

Foundations of Psychology 
1. Introduction:
Definition of Psychology; Historical antecedents of Psychology and trends in the 21st century; Psychology and scientific methods; Psychology in relation to other social sciences and natural sciences; Application of Psychology to societal problems.

2.  Methods of Psychology:
Types of research: Descriptive, evaluative, diagnostic and prognostic; Methods of Research: Survey, observation, case-study and experiments; Characteristics of experimental design and non-experimental design, Quasi-experimental designs; Focussed group discussions, brain storming, grounded theory approach.
3. Research Methods:
Major steps in Psychological research (problem statement, hypothesis formulation, research designs, sampling, tools of data collection, analysis and interpretation and report writing) Fundamental versus applied research; Methods of data collection (interview, observation, questionnaire); Research designs (ex-post facto and experimental);  Application of statistical technique (t - test, two way ANOVA correlation, regression and factor analysis);  Item response theory.
4. Development of Human Behaviour:
Growth and development; Principles of development, Role of genetic and environmental factors in determining human behaviour; Influence of cultural factors in socialization; Life span development  - Characteristics, development tasks, promoting psychological well-being across major stages of the life span.
5. Sensation, Attention and Perception:
Sensation: concepts of threshold, absolute and difference thresholds, signal-detection and vigilance; Factors influencing attention including set and characteristics of stimulus; Definition and concept of perception, biological factors in perception; Perceptual organization-influence of past experiences, perceptual defence-factors influencing space and depth perception, size estimation and perceptual readiness; The plasticity of perception;  Extrasensory perception;  Culture and perception, Subliminal perception.
6. Learning:
Concept and theories of learning (Behaviourists, Gestaltalist and Information processing models); The Processes of extinction, discrimination and generalization; Programmed learning, probability learning, self-instructional learning, concepts; Types and the schedules of reinforcement, escape, avoidance and punishment, modeling and social learning.
7. Memory:
Encoding and remembering; Short term memory, Long term memory, Sensory memory, Iconic memory, Echoic memory:  The Multistore model, levels of processing; Organization and Mnemonic techniques to improve memory; Theories of forgetting:  decay, interference and retrieval failure:  Metamemory; Amnesia:  Anterograde and retrograde.
8. Thinking and Problem Solving:
Piaget’s theory of cognitive development; Concept formation processes;  Information processing, Reasoning and problem solving, Facilitating and hindering factors in problem solving, Methods of problem solving:  Creative thinking and fostering creativity;  Factors influencing decision making and judgment;  Recent trends.
9.  Motivation and Emotion:
Psychological and physiological basis of motivation and emotion; Measurement of motivation and emotion; Effects of motivation and emotion on behaviour;   Extrinsic and intrinsic motivation; Factors influencing intrinsic motivation; Emotional competence and the related issues.
10.  Intelligence and Aptitude:
Concept of intelligence and aptitude, Nature and theories of intelligence  -  Spearman, Thurstone, Gullford Vernon, Sternberg and J.P; Das;  Emotional Intelligence, Social intelligence, measurement of intelligence and aptitudes, concept of IQ, deviation IQ, constancy of IQ; Measurement of multiple intelligence; Fluid intelligence and crystallized intelligence.
11. Personality:
Definition and concept of personality;  Theories of personality (psychoanalytical, socio-cultural, interpersonal, developmental, humanistic, behaviouristic, trait and type approaches);  Measurement of personality (projective tests, pencil-paper test);  The Indian approach to personality;  Training for personality development;  Latest approaches like big 5 factor theory;  The notion of self in different traditions.
12.  Attitudes, Values and Interests:
Definition of attitudes, values and interests;  Components of attitudes;  Formation and maintenance of attitudes;  Measurement of attitudes, values and interests;  Theories of attitude change;  Strategies for fostering values;  Formation of stereotypes and prejudices;  Changing others behaviour; Theories of attribution;  Recent trends.
13.  Language and Communication:
Human language - Properties, structure and linguistic hierarchy, Language acquisition-predisposition, critical period hypothesis;  Theories of language development  -  Skinner and Chomsky;  Process and types of communication  -  effective communication training.
14. Issues and Perspectives in Modern Contemporary Psychology:
Computer application in the psychological laboratory and psychological testing;  Artificial intelligence;  Psychocybernetics;  Study of consciousness-sleep-wake schedules; dreams, stimulus deprivation, meditation, hypnotic/drug induced states;  Extrasensory perception;  Intersensory perception Simulation studies.

UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus of more subjects browse from the links below:

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UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Paper-I: Essay
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