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Some Environmental Facts


The biggest energy source on the surface of the earth is
Solar radiation
The acid found in soil is
Humic acid
Burning of fossil fuels releases
Carbon-di-oxide
The place referred to as the Valley of Death is
Cubatao in Brazil

The Valley of Flowers is located at
Garhwal in Himalayas
The element found abundant in the crust of the earth is
Oxygen
99 percent of the crust of earth is composed of
Elements
The crust of the earth is called
Lithosphere
The type of soil found in the dessert is
Aridisols
Acid rain was discovered by
R.A.Smith
The simplest and least polluting way of deriving energy is
Solar energy
Junk of appliances and vehicles is known as
Solid Waste
Oceans are ecologically divided into how many regions
Five
Uranium miners more frequently suffer from
Cancer
Textile workers more frequently suffer from
Byssinosis
Coal miners more frequently suffer from
Black lung diseases
The type of living beings more sensitive to nuclear radiations are
Mammals
The most acute pollution problem faced by nuclear power industry is
Disposal of nuclear waste
Excessive inhalling of manganese causes
Pneumonia
Hay fever is due to the presence of which thing in the air
Pollen
The metal which causes systemic poisoning in man is
Lead
Dust containing silica causes
Silicosis
Intensive use of nitrate fertilizers causes
Methemoglobinemia
The most economic and pollution free form of transport is
Bicycle
The main source of harmful radiations in our house can be due to
Televisions
The most recently discovered ecosystem is
Vent
The most biologically productive ecosystem is
Alluvial plains
Ecologists divide divide lakes into how many zones
Three
Death valley is located in which dessert
Nevada
Man first cultivated crops in which age
Neolithic
Sheep were initially domesticated for
Meat and milk
The industrial chemical which increases the chance of developing Leukemia is
Benzene
The Royal society for the Protection of Birds was formed in
1889 AD
`Man and the Biosphere'an ecological programme was launched by
UNESCO
Chemicals which get rid of pests are called as
Pesticides
The living beings which are known as teritary consumers are
Meat-eating animals
A motor car produces least amount of pollution while
Moving
The first living beings who established themselves on rocky slopes were
Lichens
Birds evolved on earth during the
Jurassic period
Water covers about how many percent of the earth's surface
Seventy
Oxygen was discovered by
Joseph Priestley
Oxygen was discovered in
August 1774
The word `Oxygen'was coined by
Antonie Levoiser
When something burns in air, it combines with oxygen and the process is called
Oxidation
When we breather,oxygen combines chemically with glucose in the body to create
Energy
The two major components of air are oxygen and
Nitrogen
The French chemist who showed that air was the same all around the world was
Henri Regnault
William Ramsay discovered that air also contained tiny traces of
Inert gases
The gases which are slow to react with other chemicals are called
Inert gases
The air surrounding the earth is forever on the move because of
Sun's heat
A space with nothing in it is called
Vacuum
Air pressure is related to density of air. This was discovered by whom in 1662 AD
Robert Boyle
Earth's atmosphere has how many layers
Five
Moon gets very hot and very cold as it has no
Atmosphere
78 percent of the atmosphere is
Nitrogen
21 percent of the atmosphere is
Oxygen
The atmospheric layer immediately around the earth is called
Troposphere
The second atmospheric layer is called
Stratosphere
The third atmospheric layer is called
Mesosphere
The fourth atmospheric layer is called
Ionosphere
The fifth atmospheric layer is called
Exosphere
Human beings inhale what and give out what
Oxygen,carbon dioxide
Plants inhale what and give out what
Carbon dioxide,oxygen
Bubbles in soda water is due to presence of
Carbon dioxide
Ozone is actually a form of
Oxygen
We are protected from ultraviolet radiation from the sun due to the presence of
Ozone layer
The main culprit which is destroying the ozone layer is
CFC gases
The main green house gas is
Carbon dioxide
As one goes higher in the atmosphere,air pressure
Decreases
As per Daniel Bernoulli,whenever air moves,its pressure
Drops
The most common compound on earth is
Water
Life originally emerged from
Water
About how many percent of the world's water is solid
Two
Less than how many percent of the world's water is fresh water
Three
The amount of water vapour in the atmosphere is known as
Humidity
Any substance that dissolve in the water vapour it absorbs is said to be
Deliquescent
Henry Cavendish proved that water was a compound which included
Hydrogen
The french chemist who showed that water was a simple compound of hydrogen and oxygen was
Antoine Lavoiser
In case of heavy water,oxygen combines with
Deuterium
A special type of hydrogen with an extra neutron in its nucleus is
Deuterium
Heavy water can be extracted from ordinary water by the process of
Distillation
In every water molecutl,there are how many hydrogen atoms and how many oxygen atoms
Two,one
Water expands when it is
Frozen
Oxygen condenses at a temperature of
-183.c
The ultimate source of nearly all our energy is the
Sun
Solar cells turn light energy from the sun into
Electrical energy
Two types of basic energy is
Potential energy,kinetic energy
Energy that is not doing anything but is simply stored for action is called
Potential energy
Energy in the nucleus of an atom is called
Nuclear energy
As per the Law of Conservation of energy,energy can neither be nor be
Created,destroyed
In all energy conversions,heat is produced as
Waste
Coal,Oil,natural gas,etc.are known as
Fossil fuels
At the present rate of consumption of coal,it is estimated that it will last about
200
At the present rate of consumption of coal,it is estimated that it will last about
40
Nuclear energy is released by a process called
fission
It is estimated that nuclear power stations are presently producing about how many percent of world's electricity
20
Joule proved that heat was a form of
Energy
The sun heats the earth by a process called
Radiation
Nuclear radiations can cause an eye disease called
Cataract
A Landfill produces a pollutant gas,
Methane
The gases that produce acid rain are
Sulphur dioxide and nitrous oxide
Hydrogen bomb was tested on a
Pacific atoll
The European river Rhine was till recently called as
Europe's industrial sewer
Ultraviolet radiations from the sun can cause
Skin cancer
When lakes become acidic,the substance used to counteract the acidity is
Lime
Water Resources Institute is located at
Washington D.C.
The science of human settlements is called
Ekistics
Bhopal Gas tragedy occured in
1984 AD
The city which has the highest sulphur dioxide pollution is
Milan
CITES is an international law concerned with
Endangered species
CITES stands for
Convention on Int.Trade in Endangered Species
NCEPC stands for
National Committee on Environmental Planning and Co-ordination
Project JAWS deals with
Winds
JAWS stands for
Joint Airport Weather Studies
Project FAMOUS deals with
Ocean beds
FAMOUS stands for
French-American Mid Ocean Under Sea Study
Pollution Control Research Institute is located at
Hardwar
International Environmental Prize is awarded by
United Nations
The use of DDT for agricultural purposes was banned in India in the year
1985 AD
The major source of fuel in rural India is
Fuelwood and charcoal
Asia's largest slum is located at
Mumbai
The Department of Environment was set up in