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UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VI: Botany-I

1. Microbiology and Plant Pathology: Structure and reproduction/multiplication of viruses, viroids, bacteria, fungi and mycoplasma; Applications of microbiology in agriculture, industry, medicine and in control of soil and water pollution; Prion and Prion hypothesis. Important crop diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, mycoplasma, fungi and nematodes; Modes of infection and dissemination; Molecular basis of infection
and disease resistance/defence; Physiology of parasitism and control measures; Fungal toxins; Modelling and
disease forecasting; Plant quarantine.

2. Cryptogams: Algae, fungi, lichens, bryophytes, pteridophytes
- structure and reproduction from evolutionary viewpoint; Distribution of Cryptogams in India and their ecological and economic importance.

3. Phanerogams: Gymnosperms: Concept of Progymnosperms; Classification and distribution of
gymnosperms; Salient features of Cycada-les, Ginkgoales, Coniferales and Gnetales, their structure and reproduction; General account of Cycadofilicales, Bennettitales and Cordaitales; Geological time scale; Type of fossils and their study techniques.



Angiosperms: Systematics, anatomy, embryology, palynology and phylogeny. Taxonomic hierarchy;  International Code of Botanical Nomenclature; Numerical taxonomy and chemotaxonomy; Evidence from anatomy, embryology and palynology.

Origin and evolution of angiosperms; Comparative account of various systems of classification of angiosperms; Study of angiospermic families – Mangnoliaceae, Ranunculaceae, Brassicaceae, Rosaceae, Fabaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Malvaceae, Dipterocarpaceae, Apiaceae, Asclepiadaceae, Verbenaceae,
Solanaceae, Rubiaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Astera-ceae, Poaceae, Arecaceae, Liliaceae, Musaceae and Orchidaceae.

Stomata and their types; Glandular and non-glandular trichomes; Unusual secondary growth; Anatomy of C3 and C4 plants; Xylem and phloem differentiation; Wood anatomy. Development of male and female gametophytes, pollination, fertilization; Endosperm - its development and function; Patterns of embryo development; Polyembroyony and apomixes; Applications of palynology; Experimental embryology including pollen storage and test-tube fertilization.

4. Plant Resource Development: Domestication and introduction of plants; Origin of cultivated plants; Vavilov’s centres of origin; Plants as sources for food, fodder, fibre, spices, beverages, edible
oils, drugs, narcotics, insecticides, timber, gums, resins and dyes, latex, cellulose, starch and its products; Perfumery; Importance of Ethnobotany in Indian context; Energy plantations; Botanical Gardens and Herbaria.

5. Morphogenesis: Totipotency, polarity, symmetry and dfferentiation; Cell, tissue, organ and protoplast
culture; Somatic hybrids and Cybrids; Micropropagation; Somaclonal variation and its applications; Pollen haploids, embryo rescue methods and their applications.

UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus of more subjects browse from the links below:

UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Zoology Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Zoology Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Statistics Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Statistics Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sociology-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sociology Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Public Administration Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Public Administration Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Psychology-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Psychology Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Political Science and International Relations Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Political Science and International Relations (PS&IR) Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Physics Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Physics Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Philosophy Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Philosophy Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Medical Science-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Medical Science Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Mechanical Engineering Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Mechanical Engineering Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Mathematics Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Mathematics Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Management Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Management Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Urdu Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Urdu Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Telugu Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Telugu Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Tamil Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Tamil Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sindhi Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sindhi Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sindhi Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Santhali Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Santhali Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sanskrit Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sanskrit Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Punjabi Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Punjabi Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination Syllabus: Oriya Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Oriya Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Nepali Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014: Nepali Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Marathi Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Marathi Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Manipuri Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus Manipuri Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Malyalam Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Malayalam Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Maithili-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Maithili-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Konkani-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Konkani-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Kashmiri-II
UPSC Civil Service Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Kashmiri-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Kannada-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Kannada-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Hindi-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Hindi-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Gugarati-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Gujarati Paper I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus English-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus English - I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Dogri-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Dogri Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Bodo-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Bodo-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Bengali Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Bengali Paper I
UPSC Civil Services Main Exam 2014 Syllabus: Assamese-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Exam 2014 Syllabus: Assamese-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Law-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Law-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: History-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: History-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Geology-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Geology-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Geography-II
UPSC Civil Service Main Exam Syllabus 2014: Geography-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Electrical Engineering-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Electrical Engineering-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Exam 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Economics-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Exam 2014 Syllabus: Paper VI: Economics-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Commerce and Accountancy-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VI: Commerce and Accountancy-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Civil Engineering-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VI: Civil Engineering-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Chemistry-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination Syllabus Paper VI: Chemistry-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Botany-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VI: Botany-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Anthropology-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014: Syllabus Paper VI: Anthropology-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014: Syllabus Paper VI
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014: Syllabus Paper VII: Agriculture-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014: Syllabus Paper VI: Agriculture-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Paper-V: General Studies-IV
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Paper-IV: General Studies-III
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Paper-III: General Studies-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Paper-II: General Studies-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Paper-I: Essay
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Indian Language and English

More Useful Articles about UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014

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Level of Question Papers in Civil Service Main Examination 2014
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