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UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Botany-II

1. Cell Biology: Techniques of cell biology; Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells - structural and ultrastructural
details; Structure and function of extracellular matrix (cell wall), membranes-cell adhesion, membrane transport and vesicular transport; Structure and function of cell organelles (chloroplasts, mitochondria, ER, dictyosomes ribosomes, endosomes, lysosomes, peroxisomes); Cytoskelaton and microtubules; Nucleus, nucleolus, nuclear pore complex; Chromatin and nucleosome; Cell signalling and cell receptors; Signal
transduction; Mitosis and meiosis; Molecular basis of cell cycle; Numerical and structural variations in chromosomes and their significance; Chromatin organization and packaging of genome; Polytene chromosomes; B-chromosomes – structure, behaviour and significance.

2. Genetics, Molecular Biology and Evolution: Development of genetics; Gene versus allele concepts (Pseudoalleles); Quantitative genetics and multiple factors; Incomplete dominance, polygenic inheritance, multiple alleles; Linkage and crossing over; Methods of gene mapping, including molecular maps (idea of mapping function); Sex chromosomes and sex-linked inheritance, sex determination and molecular basis of sex differentiation; Mutations (biochemical and molecular basis); Cytoplasmic inheritance and cytoplasmic
genes (including genetics of male sterility). Structure and synthesis of nucleic acids and proteins; Genetic code and regulation of gene expression; Gene silencing; Multigene families; Organic evolution –evidences, mechanism and theories. Role of RNA in origin and evolution.


3. Plant Breeding, Biotechnology and Biostatistics: Methods of plant breeding – introduction, selection and hybridization (pedigree, backcross, mass selection, bulk method); Mutation, polyploidy, male sterility and
heterosis breeding; Use of apomixes in plant breeding; DNA sequencing; Genetic engineering – methods of transfer of genes; Transgenic crops and biosafety aspects; Development and use of molecular markers in plant breeding; Tools and techniques - probe, southern blotting, DNA fingerprinting, PCR and FISH.
Standard deviation and coefficient of variation (CV); Tests of significance (Z-test, ttest and chi-square test); Probability and distributions (normal, binomial and Poisson); Correlation and regression.

4. Physiology and Biochemistry: Water relations, mineral nutrition and ion transport, mineral deficiencies;
Photosynthesis – photochemical reactions; photophosphorylation and carbon fixation pathways; C3, C4 and CAM pathways; Mechanism of phloem transport; Respiration (anerobic and aerobic, including fermentation) – electron transport chain and oxidative phosphorylation; Photorespiration; Chemiosmotic theory and ATP synthesis; Lipid metabolism; Nitrogen fixation and nitrogen metabolism; Enzymes, coenzymes; Energy
transfer and energy conservation; Importance of secondary metabolites; Pigments as photoreceptors (plastidial pigments and phytochrome); Plant movements; Photoperiodism and flowering, vernalization, senescence; Growth substances – their chemical nature, role and applications in agri-horticulture; Growth
indices, growth movements; Stress physiology (heat, water, salinity, metal); Fruit and seed physiology; Dormancy, storage and germination of seed; Fruit ripening –its molecular basis and manipulation.

5. Ecology and Plant Geography: Concept of ecosystem; Ecological factors; Concepts and dynamics of community; Plant succession; Concept of biosphere; Ecosystems; Conservation; Pollution and its control (including phytoremediation); Plant indicators; Environment (Protection) Act. Forest types of India - Ecological and economic importance of forests, afforestation, deforestation and social forestry; Endangered plants, endemism, IUCN categories, Red Data Books; Biodiversity and its conservation; Protected Area Network; Convention on Biological Diversity; Farmers’ Rights and Intellectual Property Rights; Concept of
Sustainable Development; Biogeochemical cycles; Global warming and climatic change; Invasive species;
Environmental Impact Assessment; Phytogeographical regions of India.

UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus of more subjects browse from the links below:

UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Zoology Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Zoology Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Statistics Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Statistics Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sociology-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sociology Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Public Administration Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Public Administration Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Psychology-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Psychology Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Political Science and International Relations Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Political Science and International Relations (PS&IR) Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Physics Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Physics Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Philosophy Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Philosophy Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Medical Science-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Medical Science Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Mechanical Engineering Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Mechanical Engineering Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Mathematics Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Mathematics Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Management Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Management Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Urdu Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Urdu Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Telugu Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Telugu Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Tamil Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Tamil Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sindhi Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sindhi Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sindhi Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Santhali Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Santhali Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sanskrit Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sanskrit Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Punjabi Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Punjabi Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination Syllabus: Oriya Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Oriya Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Nepali Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014: Nepali Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Marathi Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Marathi Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Manipuri Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus Manipuri Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Malyalam Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Malayalam Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Maithili-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Maithili-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Konkani-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Konkani-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Kashmiri-II
UPSC Civil Service Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Kashmiri-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Kannada-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Kannada-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Hindi-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Hindi-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Gugarati-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Gujarati Paper I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus English-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus English - I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Dogri-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Dogri Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Bodo-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Bodo-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Bengali Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Bengali Paper I
UPSC Civil Services Main Exam 2014 Syllabus: Assamese-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Exam 2014 Syllabus: Assamese-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Law-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Law-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: History-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: History-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Geology-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Geology-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Geography-II
UPSC Civil Service Main Exam Syllabus 2014: Geography-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Electrical Engineering-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Electrical Engineering-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Exam 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Economics-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Exam 2014 Syllabus: Paper VI: Economics-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Commerce and Accountancy-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VI: Commerce and Accountancy-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Civil Engineering-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VI: Civil Engineering-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Chemistry-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination Syllabus Paper VI: Chemistry-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Botany-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VI: Botany-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Anthropology-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014: Syllabus Paper VI: Anthropology-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014: Syllabus Paper VI
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014: Syllabus Paper VII: Agriculture-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014: Syllabus Paper VI: Agriculture-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Paper-V: General Studies-IV
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Paper-IV: General Studies-III
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Paper-III: General Studies-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Paper-II: General Studies-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Paper-I: Essay
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Indian Language and English

More Useful Articles about UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014

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Level of Question Papers in Civil Service Main Examination 2014
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UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam Syllabus 2014
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