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UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: History-I

UPSC Civil Service Main Examination Syllabus 2014: Paper-VI (Optional Paper)

1. Sources: Archaeological sources: Exploration, excavation, epigraphy, numismatics, monuments
Literary sources: Indigenous: Primary and secondary; poetry, scientific literature, literature, literature in regional languages, religious literature.
Foreign accounts: Greek, Chinese and Arab writers.
2. Pre-history and Proto-history: Geographical factors; hunting and gathering (paleolithic and mesolithic); Beginning of agriculture (neolithic and chalcolithic).
3.  Indus Valley Civilization: Origin, date, extent, characteristics, decline, survival and significance, art and architecture.

4.  Megalithic Cultures: Distribution of pastoral and farming cultures outside the Indus, Development of community life, Settlements, Development of agriculture, Crafts, Pottery, and Iron industry.
5.  Aryans and Vedic Period: Expansions of Aryans in India.
Vedic Period: Religious and philosophic literature; Transformation from Rig Vedic period to the later Vedic period; Political, social and economical life; Significance of the Vedic Age; Evolution of Monarchy and Varna system.
6. Period of Mahajanapadas: Formation of States (Mahajanapada) : Republics and monarchies; Rise of urban centres; Trade routes; Economic growth; Introduction of coinage; Spread of Jainism and Buddhism; Rise of Magadha and Nandas. Iranian and Macedonian invasions and their impact.
7. Mauryan Empire: Foundation of the Mauryan Empire, Chandragupta, Kautilya and Arthashastra; Ashoka; Concept of Dharma; Edicts; Polity, Administration; Economy; Art,  architecture and sculpture; External contacts; Religion; Spread of religion; Literature.
Disintegration of the empire; Sungas and Kanvas.
8  Post - Mauryan Period (Indo-Greeks, Sakas, Kushanas, Western Kshatrapas): Contact with outside world; growth of urban centres, economy, coinage, development of religions, Mahayana, social conditions, art, architecture, culture, literature and science.
9. Early State and Society in Eastern India, Deccan and South India: Kharavela, The Satavahanas, Tamil States of the Sangam Age; Administration, economy, land grants, coinage, trade guilds and urban centres; Buddhist centres; Sangam literature and culture; Art and architecture.
10. Guptas, Vakatakas and Vardhanas: Polity and administration, Economic conditions, Coinage of the Guptas, Land grants, Decline of urban centres, Indian feudalism, Caste system, Position of women, Education and educational institutions; Nalanda, Vikramshila and Vallabhi, Literature, scientific literature, art and architecture.
11.  Regional States during Gupta Era: The Kadambas, Pallavas, Chalukyas of Badami; Polity and Administration, Trade guilds, Literature; growth of Vaishnava and Saiva religions. Tamil Bhakti movement, Shankaracharya; Vedanta; Institutions of temple and temple architecture; Palas, Senas, Rashtrakutas, Paramaras, Polity and administration; Cultural aspects. Arab conquest of Sind; Alberuni, The Chalukyas of Kalyana, Cholas, Hoysalas, Pandyas; Polity and Administration; local Government; Growth of art and architecture, religious sects, Institution of temple and Mathas, Agraharas, education and literature, economy and society.
12.  Themes in Early Indian Cultural History: Languages and texts, major stages in the evolution of art and architecture, major philosophical thinkers and schools, ideas in Science and Mathematics.
13. Early Medieval India, 750-1200: 

  • Polity: Major political developments in Northern India and the Peninsula, origin and the rise of Rajputs 
  • The Cholas: administration, village economy and society 
  •  “Indian Feudalism” 
  • Agrarian economy and urban settlements 
  • Trade and commerce 
  • Society: the status of the Brahman and the new social order 
  • Condition of women 
  • Indian science and technology  

14. Cultural Traditions in India, 750-1200: 

  • Philosophy: Skankaracharya and Vedanta, Ramanuja and Vishishtadvaita,    Madhva and Brahma-Mimansa 
  • Religion: Forms and features of religion, Tamil devotional cult, growth of Bhakti, Islam and its arrival in India, Sufism 
  • Literature: Literature in Sanskrit, growth of Tamil literature, literature in the newly developing languages, Kalhan’s Rajtarangini, Alberuni’s India 
  • Art and Architecture: Temple architecture, sculpture, painting    

15. The Thirteenth Century:

  • Establishment of the Delhi Sultanate: The Ghurian invasions – factors behind Ghurian success 
  • Economic, social and cultural consequences 
  • Foundation of Delhi Sultanate and early Turkish Sultans 
  • Consolidation: The rule of Iltutmish and Balban  

16. The Fourteenth Century: 

  • “The Khalji Revolution” 
  • Alauddin Khalji: Conquests and territorial expansion, agrarian and economic measures  
  • Muhammad Tughluq: Major projects, agrarian measures, bureaucracy of Muhammad Tughluq 
  • Firuz Tughluq: Agrarian measures, achievements in civil engineering and public works, decline of the Sultanate, foreign contacts and Ibn Battuta’s account  

17.  Society, Culture and Economy in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries: 

  • Society: composition of rural society, ruling classes, town dwellers, women, religious classes, caste and slavery under the Sultanate, Bhakti movement, Sufi movement 
  • Culture: Persian literature, literature in the regional languages of North India, literature in the languages of South India, Sultanate architecture and new structural forms, painting, evolution of a composite culture 
  • Economy: Agricultural production, rise of urban economy and non-agricultural production, trade and commerce  

18. The Fifteenth and Early Sixteenth Century – Political Developments and Economy:
Rise of Provincial Dynasties:  Bengal, Kashmir (Zainul Abedin), Gujarat,   Malwa, Bahmanids
The Vijayanagra Empire

  • Lodis 
  • Mughal Empire, First phase: Babur and Humayun  
  • The Sur Empire: Sher Shah’s administration  
  • Portuguese Colonial enterprise 
  • Bhakti and Sufi Movements  

19. The Fifteenth and early Sixteenth Century – Society and Culture:

  • Regional cultural specificities 
  • Literary traditions 
  • Provincial architecture  
  • Society, culture, literature and the arts in Vijayanagara Empire. 

20. Akbar:

  • Conquests and consolidation of the Empire  
  • Establishment of Jagir and Mansab systems 
  • Rajput policy 
  • Evolution of religious and social outlook, theory of Sulh-i-kul and religious policy 
  • Court patronage of art and technology  

21. Mughal Empire in the Seventeenth Century:

  • Major administrative policies of Jahangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb  
  • The Empire and the Zamindars  
  • Religious policies of Jahangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb 
  • Nature of the Mughal State  
  • Late Seventeenth century crisis and the revolts  
  • The Ahom Kingdom 
  • Shivaji and the early Maratha Kingdom.  

22. Economy and Society in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries:

  • Population, agricultural production, craft production 
  • Towns, commerce with Europe through Dutch, English and French companies : a trade revolution  
  • Indian mercantile classes, banking, insurance and credit systems  
  • Condition of peasants, condition of women 
  • Evolution of the Sikh community and the Khalsa Panth  

23. Culture in the Mughal Empire:

  • Persian histories and other literature 
  • Hindi and other religious literature  
  • Mughal architecture 
  • Mughal painting 
  • Provincial architecture and painting  
  • Classical music 
  • Science and technology  

24. The Eighteenth Century:
Factors for the decline of the Mughal Empire
The regional principalities: Nizam’s Deccan, Bengal, Awadh
Maratha ascendancy under the Peshwas
The Maratha fiscal and financial system
Emergence of Afghan Power, Battle of Panipat:1761
State of politics, culture and economy on the eve of the British conquest.

UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus of more subjects browse from the links below:

UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Zoology Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Zoology Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Statistics Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Statistics Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sociology-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sociology Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Public Administration Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Public Administration Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Psychology-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Psychology Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Political Science and International Relations Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Political Science and International Relations (PS&IR) Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Physics Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Physics Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Philosophy Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Philosophy Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Medical Science-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Medical Science Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Mechanical Engineering Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Mechanical Engineering Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Mathematics Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Mathematics Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Management Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Management Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Urdu Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Urdu Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Telugu Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Telugu Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Tamil Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Tamil Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sindhi Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sindhi Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sindhi Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Santhali Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Santhali Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sanskrit Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sanskrit Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Punjabi Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Punjabi Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination Syllabus: Oriya Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Oriya Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Nepali Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014: Nepali Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Marathi Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Marathi Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Manipuri Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus Manipuri Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Malyalam Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Malayalam Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Maithili-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Maithili-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Konkani-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Konkani-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Kashmiri-II
UPSC Civil Service Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Kashmiri-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Kannada-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Kannada-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Hindi-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Hindi-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Gugarati-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Gujarati Paper I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus English-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus English - I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Dogri-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Dogri Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Bodo-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Bodo-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Bengali Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Bengali Paper I
UPSC Civil Services Main Exam 2014 Syllabus: Assamese-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Exam 2014 Syllabus: Assamese-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Law-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Law-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: History-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: History-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Geology-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Geology-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Geography-II
UPSC Civil Service Main Exam Syllabus 2014: Geography-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Electrical Engineering-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Electrical Engineering-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Exam 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Economics-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Exam 2014 Syllabus: Paper VI: Economics-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Commerce and Accountancy-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VI: Commerce and Accountancy-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Civil Engineering-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VI: Civil Engineering-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Chemistry-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination Syllabus Paper VI: Chemistry-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Botany-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VI: Botany-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Anthropology-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014: Syllabus Paper VI: Anthropology-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014: Syllabus Paper VI
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014: Syllabus Paper VII: Agriculture-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014: Syllabus Paper VI: Agriculture-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Paper-V: General Studies-IV
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Paper-IV: General Studies-III
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Paper-III: General Studies-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Paper-II: General Studies-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Paper-I: Essay
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Indian Language and English

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