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UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: History-II

UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII (Optional Paper)

1.  European Penetration into India: The Early European Settlements; The Portuguese and the Dutch; The English and the French East India Companies; Their struggle for supremacy; Carnatic Wars; Bengal -The conflict between the English and the Nawabs of Bengal; Siraj and the English; The Battle of Plassey; Significance of Plassey.
2. British Expansion in India: Bengal – Mir Jafar and Mir Kasim; The Battle of Buxar; Mysore; The Marathas; The three Anglo-Maratha Wars; The Punjab.
3. Early Structure of the British Raj: The early administrative structure; From diarchy to direct control; The Regulating Act (1773); The Pitt’s India Act (1784); The Charter Act (1833); The voice of free trade and the changing character of British colonial rule; The English utilitarian and India.

4. Economic Impact of British Colonial Rule: 
(a)    Land revenue settlements in British India; The Permanent Settlement; Ryotwari Settlement; Mahalwari Settlement; Economic impact of the revenue arrangements; Commercialization of agriculture; Rise of landless agrarian labourers; Impoverishment of the rural society.
(b)  Dislocation of traditional trade and commerce; De-industrialisation; Decline of traditional crafts; Drain of wealth; Economic transformation of India; Railroad and communication network including telegraph and postal services; Famine and poverty in the rural interior; European  business enterprise and its limitations.
5. Social and Cultural Developments: The state of indigenous education, its dislocation; Orientalist-Anglicist controversy, The introduction of western education in India; The rise of press, literature and public opinion; The rise of modern vernacular literature; Progress of science; Christian missionary activities in India.
6. Social and Religious Reform movements in Bengal and Other Areas: 
Ram Mohan Roy, The Brahmo Movement; Devendranath Tagore; Iswarchandra Vidyasagar; The Young Bengal Movement; Dayanada Saraswati; The social reform movements in India including Sati, widow remarriage, child marriage etc.; The contribution of Indian renaissance to the growth of modern India; Islamic revivalism – the Feraizi and Wahabi Movements.
7. Indian Response to British Rule: Peasant movements and tribal uprisings in the 18th and 19th centuries including the Rangpur Dhing (1783), the Kol Rebellion (1832), the Mopla Rebellion in Malabar (1841-1920), the Santal Hul (1855), Indigo Rebellion (1859-60), Deccan Uprising (1875) and the Munda Ulgulan (1899-1900); The Great Revolt of 1857 - Origin, character, causes of failure, the consequences; The shift in the character of peasant uprisings in the post-1857 period; the peasant movements of the 1920s and 1930s.
8. Factors leading to the birth of Indian Nationalism; Politics of Association; The Foundation of the Indian National Congress; The Safety-valve thesis relating to the birth of the Congress; Programme and objectives of Early Congress; the social composition of early Congress leadership; the Moderates and Extremists; The Partition of Bengal (1905); The Swadeshi Movement in Bengal; the economic and political aspects of Swadeshi Movement; The beginning of revolutionary extremism in India.
9. Rise of Gandhi; Character of Gandhian nationalism; Gandhi’s popular appeal; Rowlatt Satyagraha; the Khilafat Movement; the Non-cooperation Movement; National politics from the end of the Non-cooperation movement to the beginning of the Civil Disobedience movement; the two phases of the Civil Disobedience Movement; Simon Commission; The Nehru Report; the Round Table Conferences; Nationalism and the Peasant Movements; Nationalism and Working class movements; Women and Indian youth and students in Indian politics (1885-1947); the election of 1937 and the formation of ministries; Cripps Mission; the Quit India Movement; the Wavell Plan; The Cabinet Mission.
10. Constitutional Developments in the Colonial India between 1858 and 1935
11. Other strands in the National Movement
The Revolutionaries: Bengal, the Punjab, Maharashtra, U.P, the Madras Presidency, Outside India.
The Left; The Left within the Congress: Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhas Chandra Bose, the Congress Socialist Party; the Communist Party of India, other left parties.
12. Politics of Separatism; the Muslim League; the Hindu Mahasabha; Communalism and the politics of partition; Transfer of power; Independence.
13. Consolidation as a Nation; Nehru’s Foreign Policy; India and her neighbours (1947-1964); The linguistic reorganisation of States (1935-1947); Regionalism and regional inequality; Integration of Princely States; Princes in electoral politics; the Question of National Language.
14. Caste and Ethnicity after 1947; Backward castes and tribes in post-colonial electoral politics; Dalit movements.
15. Economic development and political change; Land reforms; the politics of planning and rural reconstruction; Ecology and environmental policy in post - colonial India; Progress of science.
16. Enlightenment and Modern ideas:

  • Major ideas of Enlightenment: Kant, Rousseau 
  • Spread of Enlightenment in the colonies 
  • Rise of socialist ideas (up to Marx); spread of Marxian Socialism. 

17. Origins of Modern Politics: 

  • European States System. 
  • American Revolution and the Constitution. 
  • French revolution and aftermath, 1789-1815. 
  • American Civil War with reference to Abraham Lincoln and the abolition of slavery. 
  • British Democratic Politics, 1815-1850; Parliamentary Reformers, Free Traders, Chartists.   

18. Industrialization:
(i)   English Industrial Revolution: Causes and Impact on Society
(ii)   Industrialization in other countries: USA, Germany, Russia, Japan
(iii)  Industrialization and Globalization.

19.  Nation-State System: 
(i)    Rise of Nationalism in 19th century
(ii)   Nationalism: state-building in Germany and Italy
(iii)  Disintegration of Empires in the face of the emergence of nationalities across the world.

20.       Imperialism and Colonialism: 
(i)   South and South-East Asia
(ii)   Latin America and South Africa
(iii)  Australia
(iv)  Imperialism and free trade: Rise of neo-imperialism.

21. Revolution and Counter-Revolution: 
(i)   19th Century European revolutions
(ii)   The Russian Revolution of 1917-1921
(iii)   Fascist Counter-Revolution, Italy and Germany.
(iv)  The Chinese Revolution of 1949

22. World Wars:
(i)   1st and 2nd World Wars as Total Wars: Societal implications
(ii)   World War I: Causes and consequences
(iii)  World War II: Causes and consequence

23. The World after World War II: 
(i)   Emergence of two power blocs
(ii)  Emergence of Third World and non-alignment
(iii) UNO and the global disputes.

24. Liberation from Colonial Rule:
(i)    Latin America-Bolivar
(ii)   Arab World-Egypt
(iii)  Africa-Apartheid to Democracy
(iv)  South-East Asia-Vietnam

25. Decolonization and Underdevelopment:
(i)    Factors constraining development: Latin America, Africa

26. Unification of Europe:
(i)   Post War Foundations: NATO and European Community
(ii)  Consolidation and Expansion of European Community
(iii) European Union.

27. Disintegration of Soviet Union and the Rise of the Unipolar World:
(i)    Factors leading to the collapse of Soviet communism and the Soviet Union,  1985-1991
(ii)   Political Changes in Eastern Europe 1989-2001.
(iii)  End of the cold war and US ascendancy in the World as the lone
       superpower.

UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus of more subjects browse from the links below:

UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Zoology Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Zoology Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Statistics Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Statistics Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sociology-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sociology Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Public Administration Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Public Administration Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Psychology-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Psychology Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Political Science and International Relations Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Political Science and International Relations (PS&IR) Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Physics Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Physics Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Philosophy Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Philosophy Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Medical Science-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Medical Science Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Mechanical Engineering Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Mechanical Engineering Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Mathematics Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Mathematics Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Management Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Management Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Urdu Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Urdu Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Telugu Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Telugu Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Tamil Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Tamil Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sindhi Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sindhi Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sindhi Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Santhali Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Santhali Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sanskrit Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Sanskrit Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Punjabi Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Punjabi Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination Syllabus: Oriya Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Oriya Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Nepali Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014: Nepali Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Marathi Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Marathi Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Manipuri Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus Manipuri Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus: Malyalam Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Malayalam Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Maithili-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Maithili-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Konkani-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Konkani-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Kashmiri-II
UPSC Civil Service Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Kashmiri-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Kannada-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Kannada-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Hindi-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Hindi-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Gugarati-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Gujarati Paper I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus English-II
UPSC Civil Services Examination 2014 Syllabus English - I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Dogri-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Dogri Paper-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Bodo-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Bodo-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Bengali Paper-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Bengali Paper I
UPSC Civil Services Main Exam 2014 Syllabus: Assamese-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Exam 2014 Syllabus: Assamese-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Law-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Law-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: History-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: History-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Geology-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Geology-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Geography-II
UPSC Civil Service Main Exam Syllabus 2014: Geography-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Electrical Engineering-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Electrical Engineering-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Exam 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Economics-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Exam 2014 Syllabus: Paper VI: Economics-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Commerce and Accountancy-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VI: Commerce and Accountancy-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Civil Engineering-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VI: Civil Engineering-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Chemistry-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination Syllabus Paper VI: Chemistry-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Botany-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VI: Botany-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII: Anthropology-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014: Syllabus Paper VI: Anthropology-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus Paper VII
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014: Syllabus Paper VI
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014: Syllabus Paper VII: Agriculture-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014: Syllabus Paper VI: Agriculture-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Paper-V: General Studies-IV
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Paper-IV: General Studies-III
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Paper-III: General Studies-II
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Paper-II: General Studies-I
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Paper-I: Essay
UPSC Civil Services Main Examination 2014 Syllabus: Indian Language and English

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