After such approval the bill is presented to the president for his assent, upon whose assent the constitution shall stand amended as per the provisions of this article. However, if the amendment seeks to make a change in
o Articles 54, 55, 73, 162, or 241
o Chapter 4 of part 5, chapter 5 of chapter 6, or chapter 1 of part 11
o any of the lists in the 7th schedule
o representation of the states in the parliament
o in this article itself
The bill must also be ratified by not less than half of the states before it is presented to the president for his assent.
For amending articles 5, 169, or 239-A, only a simple majority of both the houses of the parliament is required.