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The Union council of Ministers

  • The Cabinet of India (officially called the Union Council of Ministers of India ) is the collective decision-making body of the Government of India.
  • The Union council consists of the Prime Minister and 35 Cabinet Ministers, the most senior of the government ministers. The Cabinet is the ultimate decision-making body of the executive within the Westminster system of government in traditional constitutional theory.
  • The Prime Minister is Head of the Union Council appointed by the President.
  • Other ministers of the council are appointed by the President on advice from Prime Minister.
  • All Cabinet members are mandated by the constitution to be members of either House of the Parliament of India.
There are three categories of ministers, in descending order of rank:

Union Cabinet Minister
– senior minister in-charge of a ministry. A cabinet minister may also hold additional charges of other Ministries, where no other Cabinet minister is appointed.
Minister of State (Independent Charges) – with no overseeing Union cabinet minister for that portfolio.
Minister of State (MoS) – junior minister with to overseeing cabinet minister, usually tasked with a specific responsibility in that ministry. For instance, an MoS in the Finance Ministry may only handle taxation.

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