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Sources of the Indian Constitution

The frame of the constitution was built on the basis of Government of India Act, 1935. However, many ideas were brought from other constitutions of the world as listed below-

  • Government of India Act 1935 - The federal scheme, Office of the Governor, Role of federal judiciary, Emergency provisions.
  • UK Constitution - Law making procedures, Parliamentary Government, Rule of Law, Single citizenship, Cabinet system
  • Canadian Constitution - Federal system, Federation with strong centre, Residuary powers in the centre
  • US Constitution - Fundamental Rights, Independent judiciary, Judicial review, Procedure for the removal of the judges of the Supreme court and High courts, Role of Vice President
  • Irish Constitution - Directive Principles of State Policy, The method of the presidential election, Nominating members of Rajya Sabha
  • Australian Constitution - Principle of co-operative federalism, Freedom of inter-state trade, commerce and intercourse, Idea of concurrent list
  • Weimar Constitution of Germany - Emergency powers to be enjoyed by the Union, Suspension of Fundamental Rights during emergency.
  • Constitution of South Africa - Procedure for amendment of the Constitution, Election of members of the Rajya Sabha.
  • Constitution of former USSR- Fundamental Duties, ideas of justice in preamble.
  • Constitution of France- Republican System, Principles of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity.

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